Libby Legal Defense Trust

12/03/10 Hollywood myth-making on Valerie Plame controversy
WE'RE NOT in the habit of writing movie reviews. But the recently released film "Fair Game" - which covers a poisonous Washington controversy during the war in Iraq - deserves some editorial page comment, if only because of what its promoters are saying about it. The protagonists portrayed in the movie, former diplomat Joseph C. Wilson IV and former spy Valerie Plame, claim that it tells the true story of their battle with the Bush administration over Iraqi weapons of mass destruction and Ms. Plame's exposure as a CIA agent. "It's accurate," Ms. Plame told The Post. Said Mr. Wilson: "For people who have short memories or don't read, this is the only way they will remember that period."

11/19/10 Scooter Libby's Bigger Picture
The Washington Times yesterday published part one of my two-part column about issues raised by the Sean Penn movie Fair Game, about events surrounding the release of the name of CIA case officer Valerie Plame Wilson. This is part two of that column. In the Washington Times article, I noted that I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, former chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney, was convicted entirely on the basis of differing recollections, between Libby and the late TV journalist Tim Russert, about a particular conversation the two men had related to the Wilson case. Yet it turns out that even Russert was unsure, when first interviewed by the FBI, about the substance of that conversation.

11/17/10 Scooter Libby, on the record
"Could [I] have misspoken? Yes, I am male, I'm over 50. By definition, I can misspeak."

- Ambassador Joe Wilson, in a July 18, 2004, interview with CNN's Wolf Blitzer.

"Given the incredible pace and scope of my work during that [relevant] period and the subsequent passage of time, I simply did not recall the sequence of events. ... I had completely forgotten [who had suggested a key idea]. I had forgotten [who received a call from whom]. ... I had answered all the questions truthfully, and to the best of my ability. Still, a little voice in my head was saying it felt like a setup. In retrospect, it was clear they weren't seeking information, but simply confirming their already closed conclusions."

- Former CIA case officer Valerie Plame Wilson, in her memoir "Fair Game: My Life as a Spy, My Betrayal by the White House."

11/15/10 Retired CIA officer: Quit saying the Valerie Plame leak was a big deal already
As you’ve probably heard, there’s a big Hollywood movie in theaters, Fair Game, purporting to tell the story of CIA agent Valerie Plame and her husband Joe Wilson’s contretemps with the Bush administration after her supposedly covert identity was leaked to the press. (Note that this is really the second movie about the Plame affair, if you count the thinly fictionalized version.)

11/10/10 'Fair Game' Glamorizes Distortions and Perpetuates Myths
Fair Game opened in theaters across America over the weekend. Based on the memoirs of outed CIA operative Valerie Plame (played stunningly by Naomi Watts) and her husband, former ambassador Joseph Wilson (played well by Sean Penn), the movie perpetuates the conventional wisdom about the infamous Plame affair. It focuses on the consequences of the exposure of Plame in a column by Robert Novak. Both Wilson and Plame claimed they were the target of a Bush White House plot led by former Vice President Dick Cheney’s chief of staff, Scooter Libby, to leak Plame’s CIA identity to retaliate against Wilson for an op-ed article he had written for the New York Times. The column disputed the famous sixteen words in President Bush’s 2003 State of the Union about Iraqi attempts to buy yellowcake uranium in Niger to make nuclear weapons. Libby ultimately was convicted of perjury and obstruction of justice as a result of a probe of the leak of Plame’s identity.

11/10/10 Hollywood hit job: 'Fair Game' propagates easily disprovable myths about lead up to Iraq War
It is an equation that is as certain as two plus two equals four: Sean Penn + Iraq War + Hollywood movie = something less than the truth. And so it is with director Doug Liman's "Fair Game," starring Penn and released last Friday, despite Liman's contention that he made strenuous efforts to depict only those claims he could back up. "I exercised the kind of restraint you don't normally see from a Hollywood filmmaker," Liman told The Daily Caller in an interview Monday. "I stuck to the facts."

11/09/10 EDITORIAL: Unfair blame Truth in flames in Hollywood's Plame 'Game'
When Hollywood decides a former White House aide is fair game for attack, facts don't come into play. History, however, cannot be so cavalier about the truth. The new movie "Fair Game" - based on the outing of CIA employee Valerie Plame Wilson during political battles concerning the war in Iraq - is anything but fair or honest. In depicting former vice-presidential chief of staff I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby as a sinister point man in a broad effort to destroy Mrs. Wilson's career while concocting a fraudulent case for the war, the movie perpetuates myths that improperly damage U.S. credibility.

09/07/10 'Factor' Exclusive: Scooter Libby
'Factor' Exclusive: Scooter Libby

01/22/09 Cheney Speaks Out on Libby


01/15/09 Pardon Libby: It's the right thing to do
It's not quite right to say President Bush owes Scooter Libby a pardon. Having commuted Libby's sentence to 30 months in jail (but not his $250,000 fine), the president has no special obligation to follow up now with a full pardon before he leaves office next Tuesday. Nor does Libby's role as a proxy for Bush's policies on Iraq and the war on terror, and thus an indirect victim of political opposition to those policies, necessitate a pardon.

01/15/09 Bush and the Libby Pardon
As the curtain closes on the presidency of George W. Bush, the one loose end dangling is the pardon of I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby. In 2007 Mr. Libby, Vice President Dick Cheney's chief of staff, was convicted for perjury and obstruction of justice.

01/15/09 Pardon Scooter Libby
As President-elect Obama selects his team, it is to America's advantage that he recruit the best-qualified people possible. Yet the treatment of I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, former chief of staff to Vice President Cheney and now my colleague at the Hudson Institute, may make Obama's task more difficult because it warns good men and women to stay away from government service.

01/15/09 Pardon Libby!
The jury, therefore, wrongly treated as a test of two men’s respective truthfulness what was merely a test of their memory, about a factoid that was no longer important to the overall case. The jury was wrong because, with mens rea removed, Libby’s testimony was not perjury, even if it had been in error.

01/13/09 Quin-Essential Cases: Libby should be pardoned on the merits
There is no good reason for President George W. Bush to have waited so long to pardon former vice presidential aide Lewis “Scooter” Libby. For Libby still to be twisting in the wind is unconscionable.

01/12/09 Libby's Innocent and the President Should Pardon Him
If the President hasn't already pardoned Lewis (Scooter) Libby, I beg him to reconsider and do so, for Libby is an innocent man.

12/22/08 Bush and Scooter Libby: The former White House aide deserves a full pardon
Rarely can Presidents improve their legacy in an Administration's twilight days. But President Bush now has that opportunity, by undoing a measure of the injustice inflicted on I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby.

07/30/07 The Associated Press: Cheney still backs convicted former aide
"Vice President Dick Cheney thinks his former chief of staff shouldn't have been convicted in the CIA leak case and that President Bush did right by commuting the jail sentence instead of issuing a pardon. . . . 'I thought the president handled it right,' Cheney said in an interview Monday with Mark Knoller of CBS Radio."

07/19/07 The Associated Press: Valerie Plame's Lawsuit Dismissed
"A federal judge dismissed former CIA operative Valerie Plame's lawsuit against members of the Bush administration Thursday, eliminating one of the last courtroom remnants of the leak scandal. . . . U.S. District Judge John D. Bates dismissed the case on jurisdictional grounds and said he would not express an opinion on the constitutional arguments. Bates dismissed the case against all defendants: Cheney, White House political adviser Karl Rove, former White House aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby and former Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage."

07/10/07 Real Clear Politics, Ed Koch: It's Only Fair To Commute Libby
"Let me now -- and not for the first time -- rush in where angels fear to tread. I support President Bush's commutation of Scooter Libby's prison sentence. I have never met Mr. Libby. I have not been asked by any of his friends or family to assist him. So why am I taking this step, which is sure to be criticized by many of my friends and supporters? It is because I believe in fairness. To remain silent because speaking out would not be popular is to invite punishment in the world to come."

07/10/07 New York Sun Editorial: Libby and the Times
"The New York Times waited just hours after President Bush commuted the sentence of Vice President Cheney's former chief of staff, I. Lewis Libby Jr., before issuing an editorial condemning the president's decision. It puts the paper in the position of favoring a judge's decision to impose a 30-month prison sentence on a person whose main crime, if there was one, stems from his effort to protect his ability to serve as a source for a New York Times reporter. Does the New York Times think its readers have forgotten the tenacious legal and public relations battle the paper fought to prevent the special prosecutor in the case, Patrick Fitzgerald, from wringing from its reporter Libby's name? Or the stream of top executives from the paper who visited the reporter in jail while she was refusing to give up her source?"

07/08/07 New York Post Editorial: Unpardonable Hypocrisy
"White House press secretary Tony Snow didn't mince words last week: 'I don't know what Arkansan is for 'chutzpah,' but this is a gigantic case of it,' he said of criticism by both Bill and Hillary Clinton of President Bush's decision to commute I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby's prison sentence. And that's putting it mildly."

07/06/07 Townhall.com, David Limbaugh: Libby's Clemency Justified, Unlike Many Clinton Pardons
"I understand the angst of certain rule of law proponents upset by President Bush's commutation of Scooter Libby's conviction. But most of the people outraged by it have no credibility, since they were utterly indifferent to the Clintons' habitual mockery of the rule of law and prolific and shady abuse of the pardon power during their co-presidency. As the president clearly has the constitutional authority to pardon or commute sentences for almost any reason, the issue isn't one of authority, but propriety."

07/06/07 Townhall.com, Rich Galen: Dems: Selective Outrage
"On Monday President Bush used the power granted to him by Article II, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution and commuted the sentence of I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby so that he has to serve no jail time. It was six months late. If President Bush just would have listened to me, this would have long since been over. I wrote in January of this year when Libby's trial started that he should Pardon Scooter Libby on the day the trial started. The President didn't pardon Libby, but listening to the wailing and keening by Democrats and their donor-base - The National Press Corps - you would have thought President Bush had not just commuted Libby's sentence but had pardoned him and presented him with the Medal of Freedom."

07/06/07 The National Ledger, Roger Aronoff: Commutation Sets Stage for Scooter Libby’s Exoneration
"President Bush’s commutation of Lewis Libby’s prison term was the right thing to do because it enables Libby to continue to fight in the courts for total exoneration. Libby was the victim of an over-zealous prosecutor and media and a jury which was prejudiced against him by pre-trial publicity. He deserves not only to be free from prison but to be declared an honest man and dedicated public servant who did his duty as chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney."

07/06/07 FOX News, Dick Morris and Eileen McGann: Do the Clintons Now Support Jail Time for Perjurers?
"Former President Bill Clinton and Senator Hillary Clinton are absolutely outraged that President Bush granted executive clemency to Scooter Libby, recently convicted of making false statements under oath. They obviously believe that Libby should serve his thirty month sentence. Does that mean that they now think that perjurers should go to jail? Or have they simply forgotten about Bill Clinton’s own plea agreement in the last hours of his presidency — for making false statements under oath? Some people would call that perjury."

07/03/07 The Washington Post: Scooter Libby's Pals, Trusting In Providence
"The men behind The Man Behind Dick Cheney are relieved. They are people of means and influence, ambassadors and honorables, and they've raised millions to pay for the legal expenses of I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby. Yesterday evening they learned, along with the rest of us, that the president has commuted Libby's 30-month sentence and the vice president's former chief of staff won't be going to jail for lying."

07/03/07 The Washington Post: A Decision Made Largely Alone
"President Bush limited his deliberations over commuting the prison term of I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby to a few close aides, opting not to consult with the Justice Department and rebuffing efforts by friends to lobby on Libby's behalf, administration officials and people close to Bush said yesterday."

07/03/07 National Review Online Editorial: Appropriate Presidential Mercy
"We have urged President Bush to pardon Lewis 'Scooter' Libby from the moment a jury found Vice President Dick Cheney’s former chief of staff guilty of perjury and obstruction in the CIA-leak case. Now, the president has acted. He didn’t go as far as we would have liked, choosing to commute Libby’s prison term while leaving his conviction, fine, and probation intact. But his action ensures that Libby will not go to jail, and that’s a good thing."

07/03/07 National Review Online, Byron York: Why Bush Saved Libby
"President Bush’s commutation of Lewis Libby’s prison sentence Monday set off a rush among Democrats eager to go on record condemning the president’s action. . . . The White House expected the outrage. The president has been thinking about clemency for quite a while, although he decided he would not act until Libby had exhausted his legal options for staying out of jail. Even then, when Libby had run out of choices, the president opted not to pardon, instead commuting Libby’s jail sentence while leaving intact his conviction on charges of perjury and obstruction, his fine, his probation requirement, and his sure disbarment."

07/03/07 FOX News: Libby Pardon Not Off the Table
"An eventual pardon for I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby is still on the table, President Bush said Tuesday, one day after commuting the former vice presidential aide's 2 1/2-year prison sentence. 'As to the future, I rule nothing in and nothing out,' the president told reporters after visiting wounded soldiers at Walter Reed Army Medical Center. Bush said he accepted the jury's decision to convict Libby for perjury and obstruction of justice in the CIA leak case, but the judge's sentencing was too 'severe.' He said he carefully weighed his decision to keep Libby from serving any prison time. 'I made a judgment, a considered judgment that I believe is the right decision to make in this case,' Bush said. 'I stand by it.'"

07/03/07 Wall Street Journal Editorial: Bush and Libby
"President Bush's commutation late yesterday afternoon of the prison sentence of I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby will at least spare his former aide from 2 1/2 years in prison. But by failing to issue a full pardon, Mr. Bush is evading responsibility for the role his Administration played in letting the Plame affair build into fiasco and, ultimately, this personal tragedy. Mr. Libby will have to pay a fine of $250,000 and serve two years probation. This reflects the leniency that was previously recommended by the federal probation office but was rejected by Judge Reggie Walton in his vindictive sentence."

07/02/07 Statement by the President On Executive Clemency for Lewis Libby
"I have concluded that the prison sentence given to Mr. Libby is excessive. Therefore, I am commuting the portion of Mr. Libby's sentence that required him to spend thirty months in prison."

07/02/07 Statement from Ted Wells, Attorney for Mr. Libby
"Mr. Libby and his family wish to express their gratitude for the President’s decision today. We continue to believe in Mr. Libby’s innocence. Scooter and his family appreciate the many Americans who have supported them over the last two years."

06/21/07 Scooter Libby's Application for Release Pending Appeal


06/21/07 The American Spectator, R. Emmett Tyrrell, Jr.: Pardon Libby
"I find myself in unusual company, and I am always so careful about the company I keep. Nonetheless, here I am arguing on the same side as Washington Post columnist and ritualistic liberal Richard Cohen and Christopher Hitchens. At least Hitchens, a columnist for Vanity Fair and Slate, is an independent man of the left. Yet here I am on their side arguing for leniency for Vice President Richard Cheney's former chief of staff, Scooter Libby. Having been found guilty of lying under oath, he is about to be sent to prison before his appeal is considered. In fact his prosecutor, Patrick Fitzgerald, has urged he be sent to prison immediately because of his failure to express remorse; though if he were to express remorse what grounds would he have for an appeal? Fitzgerald is what is called a 'tough' prosecutor. I would call him something else, either a failed logician or a brute."

06/20/07 The Associated Press: Libby Files Appeal to Delay Prison
"Former White House aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby, who faces prison soon in the CIA leak case, asked a federal appeals court Tuesday to delay his serving of the sentence. . . . In a motion to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, Libby argued that the ruling was inappropriate. He said he has a good chance of having his conviction overturned and should not have to serve jail time while the court challenge plays out."

06/20/07 The Associated Press: Libby draws conservative appellate panel
"Two of the three judges considering whether to delay former White House aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby's prison sentence were Republican appointees. Libby's request was assigned to Judges David B. Sentelle, Karen Lecraft Henderson and David Tatel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Sentelle was put on the bench by President Reagan, Henderson by the first President Bush and Tatel by President Clinton."

06/19/07 FOX News: Lawyers File Request to Keep Scooter Libby Free While Case is Appealed
"Lawyers for former White House aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby have asked the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals to delay his reporting date to prison while they appeal his conviction. Libby, prosecuted for perjury and obstruction of justice over his testimony relating to the leak of a CIA employee's name, was ordered to prison last week to serve a 30 month sentence. Judge Reggie Walton rejected defense team arguments to let him remain free pending appeal and told Libby to report to a yet-to-be-designated federal facility in six to seven weeks. Attorneys then made the appeals request in a paper filing on Tuesday."

06/19/07 The Washington Times, Wesley Pruden: No time to go wobbly, George
"These are the saddest of times and the worst of times for George W. Bush. His war in Iraq continues to truck south, to join the immigration 'reform' legislation that took up residence at the South Pole some time ago, and now his remaining friends are urging him to be the stand-up guy Texans are always telling us they are. Not even the iron fence of secrecy and security surrounding the White House can resist the pressure building on the president to stand up to pardon Scooter Libby, soon to be sentenced to 24 months in prison for lying about a crime that was never committed. He won't be allowed to remain free while his appeal goes forward. This conviction stinks with growing pungency with every day Scooter remains in limbo."

06/19/07 The Washington Post, Richard Cohen: The Runaway Train That Hit Scooter Libby
"With the sentencing of I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby, Fitzgerald has apparently finished his work, which was, not to put too fine a point on it, to make a mountain out of a molehill. At the urging of the liberal press (especially the New York Times), he was appointed to look into a run-of-the-mill leak and wound up prosecuting not the leaker -- Richard Armitage of the State Department -- but Libby, convicted in the end of lying. This is not an entirely trivial matter since government officials should not lie to grand juries, but neither should they be called to account for practicing the dark art of politics. As with sex or real estate, it is often best to keep the lights off."

06/18/07 The Weekly Standard, William Kristol: Don't Feel Terrible, Mr. President
"Three months ago, after Scooter Libby was convicted of perjury and false statements, we argued in these pages that pardoning Libby was in President Bush's interest and in the country's interest. And we suggested that if the president did intend to pardon Libby, there was no reason to wait. The president waited. He explained he was 'pretty much going to stay out of it' until the case had run its course. Now we are near the end of the course, with a sentence of 30 months in prison and a $250,000 fine, and the judge's stated inclination not even to let Libby stay out of prison pending his appeal. The federal probation office had filed a statement that the applicable guidelines would suggest a sentence of 15 to 21 months--and that there were grounds for a 'downward departure' from that range. The judge rejected his own probation office's recommendation."

06/18/07 Slate, Christopher Hitchens: Free Scooter Libby
"If Scooter Libby goes to jail, it will be because he made a telephone call to Tim Russert and because Tim Russert has a different recollection of the conversation. . . Does it not seem extraordinary that a man can be prosecuted, and now be condemned to a long term of imprisonment, because of an alleged minor inconsistency of testimony in a case where it is admitted that there was no crime and no victim? I know of a senior lawyer in Washington who is betting very good money that if the case is heard again on appeal, the conviction will be reversed."

06/09/07 The Associated Press: Authority in Libby's case questioned
"Twelve prominent law professors are questioning whether Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald had constitutional authority in the CIA-leak trial in which former White House aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby was sentenced to prison this week. . . . 'The constitutional issue to be raised on appeal is substantial,' conservative Robert Bork, liberal Alan Dershowitz and 10 other professors wrote in their nine-page brief, filed Thursday at U.S. District Court in the District of Columbia. 'To our knowledge, the special counsel appears to occupy virtually a ‘class of one’ in the history of special prosecutors,' the professors wrote.'"

06/08/07 Wall Street Journal, Op-Ed, FOUAD AJAMI: Fallen Soldier
"Mr. President, some weeks ago, I wrote a letter of appeal, a character reference, to Judge Reggie B. Walton, urging leniency for I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby. Scooter, I said, has seen the undoing of his world, but he comes before a "just court in a just and decent country." I was joined by men and women of greater acclaim in our public life, but the petitions were in vain. Now the legal process has played out, Judge Walton has issued a harsh prison term of 30 months, and what will rescue this honorable man is the power of pardon that is exclusively yours."

06/08/07 New York Sun, JOSH GERSTEIN: Professors Back Libby on Appeal
"A dozen legal scholars, including a noted civil libertarian, Alan Dershowitz, are coming to the aid of a convicted White House aide facing a 2 1/2-year prison sentence. The scholars submitted an amicus brief Thursday to Judge Reggie Walton arguing that that there are serious constitutional questions about the legal authority of the special prosecutor who pursued Libby on obstruction of justice, perjury and false statement charges, Patrick Fitzgerald. 'With no supervisor, Special Counsel Fitzgerald is too independent to make his supposed 'superiors' politically accountable for his actions and it is at the very least a close question whether the mere power of removal does anything to solve the problem,' the scholars argued."

06/07/07 Motion for Leave to File Brief as Amici Curiae and Brief of Law


06/06/07 Wall Street Journal Editorial: Free Scooter Libby
"I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby was sentenced to two and a half years in federal prison yesterday, and yet the response from the White House was to turn its back on the Vice President's former chief of staff. A spokesman said President Bush felt 'terrible' about the ordeal that Mr. Libby and his family have endured. But if that is true, Mr. Bush is a stroke of the pen away from ending that ordeal with a pardon."

06/06/07 ABC Radio, Fred Thompson Report: Sentencing of Scooter Libby
"The sentencing of Scooter Libby was the last in a series of acts that has resulted in a shocking injustice – one created by and enabled by federal officials. As I’ve been saying for many months, this is a 'he said-she said' case about political infighting that would have never been brought in any other prosecutor’s office in America."

06/06/07 USA Today, Victoria Toensing Editorial: Pardon is only remedy
"Patrick Fitzgerald abused his prosecutorial powers when he indicted Scooter Libby for a faulty memory. The only remedy is a presidential pardon. From the day he took office as the unsupervised special counsel, Fitzgerald knew that Richard Armitage had first revealed to Robert Novak the fact that the spouse of administration critic Joe Wilson worked at the CIA. He also knew that Libby had never spoken to Novak about Valerie Plame."

06/06/07 Creators Syndicate, Susan Estrich Editorial: Scooter's Sentence
"I suppose I should be pleased about the tough sentence handed down by Judge Reggie Walton, sentencing the vice president's former Chief of Staff Scooter Libby to serve 30 months in prison. After all, he's a Republican, and I'm a Democrat; I'm an opponent of the war, and he worked for one of its architects. . . . The only problem here is that there was no underlying crime. The answer to the question Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald was initially appointed to investigate — had anyone violated the law in disclosing Ms. Plame's name in their effort to discredit her husband's criticism of the administration's war policy — was no. No one violated what we used to call the 'Agents Law.'"

06/05/07 National Review Online Editorial: Pardon Him
"We said it in March, when I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby became the only person convicted of any crime in the CIA-leak investigation, and we’ll say it again now that he has been sentenced to two and a half years in prison: President Bush should pardon Libby, and do it now."

06/04/07 American Thinker, Clarice Feldman: There's a Hero In the Dock
"Tomorrow, June 5, after some four years of an unenviable ordeal, I. Lewis Libby, a brilliant man, a dedicated public servant and the father of two young children, will stand in the dock before U.S. District Court judge Reggie Walton to be sentenced for what a jury found constituted perjury, obstruction and false statements to government investigators and a grand jury. Leaving aside, for the purpose of this discussion, the significant flaws in the investigation and trial, the continuing questions about the veracity of the prosecution's witnesses and the thin and contradictory evidence against him, the question now is what is the proper punishment?"

06/01/07 Wall Street Journal Editorial: Fitzgerald Doubles Down
"I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby is due to be sentenced next week, and--just in time--Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald has decided this was a leak case after all. Last week he filed a brief with the court arguing that Mr. Libby should receive a prison sentence in line with crimes that neither he nor anyone else was ever accused of committing. If the court accepts Mr. Fitzgerald's logic, the sentence meted out in this fantastic case would at least double, to a minimum of 30 months. So it goes in a case brought by an unaccountable prosecutor now requesting an unreasonable penalty based on evidence he never introduced at trial. This is America?"

05/31/07 Libby Brief in Opposition to Government's Guidelines Determination


05/31/07 Libby Sentencing Memo


05/30/07 USA Today: Plame called on to explain varied accounts
"Former CIA officer Valerie Plame should explain 'differences' in her various accounts of how her husband was sent to the African nation of Niger in 2002 to investigate reports Iraq was trying to buy uranium there, the vice chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee said. Plame's differing versions have furthered 'misinformation' about the origins of the case that roiled official Washington beginning in July 2003, said Sen. Kit Bond, R-Mo. Plame gave those accounts to the CIA's inspector general, Senate investigators and a House committee in March."

05/29/07 National Review Online, Byron York: Fitzgerald: O.K., Libby Wasn’t Convicted of Leaking — But Punish Him As If He Had Been
"During the perjury and obstruction trial of Lewis Libby, prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald never charged, and never presented evidence, that Libby illegally disclosed the name of a covert CIA agent. But now, Fitzgerald wants Libby to be sentenced as if he had been guilty of that crime."

05/14/07 National Review Online, Fred Thompson: First Things First
"I have called for a pardon for Scooter Libby. When you rectify an injustice using the provisions of the law, just as when you reverse an erroneous court decision, you are not disregarding the rule of law, you are enforcing and protecting it. The Roberts nomination shows us that we can win against those who would use the Constitution for their own ends, even though it is always a fight. Libby’s prosecution demonstrates how injustices can occur when public officials lack the courage to go against the public clamor and to do the right thing, thereby perverting the rule of law. All this of course, reminds us of what Washington has become and why more good people are not coming into public service."

05/01/07 Commentary Magazine, Brian M. Carney: Lessons of the Libby Affair
"By the time he was convicted of perjury and obstruction of justice on March 6 of this year, it had long been clear to opponents of the Bush administration that the trial of I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby marked a defining moment. As Vice President Dick Cheney’s chief of staff, Libby had been a central figure in developing the President’s case for the invasion of Iraq in 2003. The lies he was accused of telling were wrapped up in the justification for that war, and with the administration’s attempt to discredit one of its critics."

04/03/07 Town Hall, Jack Kemp: The right thing to do
"Ann Redington, a juror in the I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby trial has weighed in for a pardon for Libby. Another juror, Denis Collins, expressed similar sentiments when he was interviewed by friend and liberal columnist Maureen Dowd. 'I asked him how he would feel if W. pardons Scooter,' Dowd wrote, 'I would really not care,' he replied.' If even two jurors are endorsing a pardon, the president should not hesitate to take them up on their recommendation and pardon Libby immediately. It's the right thing to do and it's the right thing to do now - anything less makes a travesty of our system of justice."

03/20/07 Wall Street Journal Opinion, Best of the Web, James Taranto: Plamnesia--II
"Yesterday we noted that Kerfuffle Gal Valerie Plame testified she did not know whether she was a 'covert' CIA agent as defined under the Intelligence Identities Protection Act in 2003, when her supposedly secret identity surfaced."

03/19/07 Wall Street Journal Opinion, Best of the Web, James Taranto: Plamnesia
"How secret was the identity of Valerie Plame, the blonde-bombshell top-secret superspy at the center of the kerfuffle of the century? So secret, she still doesn't know it herself!"

03/19/07 The Weekly Standard, Joseph Bottum: My friend Scooter Libby
"For let's remember what this was all really about. A black spot was being passed from hand to hand in Washington. Somebody was going to end up with it, and Scooter Libby was the unlucky one. Forget the lies Joseph Wilson told; forget the jovial leak from Richard Armitage to Robert Novak that started it all; forget what Scooter said or didn't say to the grand jury about conversations with reporters. The case was a political trial from the beginning--and the opponents lined up in a properly political way. One side wanted to use Scooter Libby as a step ladder to reach up and pull down someone higher. The other side wanted to make sure that the case ended with Libby."

03/19/07 The Weekly Standard, William Kristol: Pardon Libby Now
"It seems clear to us that those considerations which ought not to operate on a jury do operate in this case, and operate strongly in favor of a presidential pardon. To mention only two: There was no underlying crime and Libby was not responsible for the appearance of Valerie Plame's name in Robert Novak's column. Perhaps that is why, the day after the verdict, one of the jurors--Ann Redington--allowed that while the jurors did their job well, there was an injustice in the outcome that argued for a pardon. We agree. And now is the time for it. If the president does intend to pardon Libby, there is no reason to wait."

03/13/07 The Washington Times Editorial, Tod Lindberg: Enough is enough
"First, I don't like independent counsel investigations and never have. They are extra-constitutional in empowering an unaccountable official, and the independence combined with the high political profile of such cases consistently gives rise to prosecutorial excess. Second, you shouldn't lie to grand juries, and if you get caught doing so, you need to pay a price. I'm not going to second-guess the jury verdict in the Libby case any more than I was willing to entertain Mr. Clinton's exculpatory comment that it depends on what the meaning of 'is' is. Third, before leaving office, Mr. Bush should pardon Mr. Libby. That judgment is consistent with the argument I made in the Weekly Standard in May 2000 that if legal proceedings were still pending against Bill Clinton when he left office, a real possibility, his successor, whether George W. Bush or Al Gore, ought to end the matter by issuing a pardon. Mr. Clinton was impeached, only the second president to bear that mark; Mr. Libby's life and career have been upended. Both matters were thoroughly drenched in politics, and enough is enough."

03/12/07 National Review Online, Michael Barone: A Tale of Two Crimes
"[Former national security adviser Sandy]Berger’s treatment was light compared with that of Dick Cheney’s former chief of staff, Scooter Libby. Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald prosecuted him for perjury and obstruction of justice for making statements contradicted by journalists Tim Russert and Matt Cooper, and last week, the 11-member jury found him guilty on four counts. He could face years in jail. The case arose out of attempts by Libby and others to refute the charges of retired diplomat Joseph Wilson that the administration had manipulated intelligence before the Iraq war. Wilson is the Titus Oates of our time, a liar whose lies served the needs of a political faction."

03/11/07 Chicago Sun-Times, Mark Steyn: Perverse Libby trial was revealing
"The prosecutor knew from the beginning that (a) leaking Valerie Plame's name was not a crime and (b) the guy who did it was Richard Armitage. In other words, he was aware that the public and media perception of this 'case' was entirely wrong: There was no conspiracy by Bush ideologues to damage a whistleblower, only an anti-war official making an offhand remark to an anti-war reporter. Even the usual appeals to prosecutorial discretion (Libby was a peripheral figure with only he said/she said evidence in an investigation with no underlying crime) don't convey the scale of Fitzgerald's perversity: He knew, in fact, that there was no cloud, that under all the dark scudding about Rove and Cheney there was only sunny Richard Armitage blabbing away accidentally. Yet he chose to let the entirely false impression of his 'case' sit out there month in, month out, year after year, glowering over the White House, doing great damage to the presidency on the critical issue of the day."

03/11/07 The Post Chronicle, Linda Chavez: Scapegoat: Gloating Critics Convict Scooter Libby
"Administration critics are gloating over Scooter Libby's conviction this week in the Valerie Plame leak case, but no one should be happy about this prosecution. The more we learn about the motivations of the federal prosecutor in this case and the attitudes of some jury members, the more it appears that justice has not been served. Libby now faces up to 25 years in prison for lying to federal prosecutors and obstructing justice, but he was clearly a scapegoat for the man prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald and at least some members of the jury wanted to put behind bars: Vice President Dick Cheney."

03/09/07 The Washington Times, Wesley Pruden: When a pardon balances accounts
"In a perfect world -- or even a decent world -- Scooter Libby would never have been accused and entrapped to lie. Or if he had, a judge would have dismissed the proceedings and sent Patrick Fitzgerald, the rogue prosecutor, back to his traps in Chicago. But we live in Washington, where destroying lives, as the late Vince Foster famously said, is sometimes a partisan sport. A bold president could turn the malicious prosecution of Mr. Libby into a Democratic debacle, appealing successfully to the American spirit of fair play. Even the jurors say they had to put clothespins on their noses to return guilty verdicts. One of them, in an incredible turn, urges a pardon."

03/09/07 National Review Online, Thomas Sowell: Memory Problems
"If you wanted a textbook example of what is wrong about appointing a special prosecutor, the prosecution of White House aide Lewis 'Scooter' Libby is a classic. . . . Today we know what we did not know when it happened — namely, that Fitzgerald discovered early on that the leaker was not any of the White House officials on whom suspicion was focussed. It was Richard Armitage in the State Department. Moreover, Joe Wilson's wife had a desk job at the CIA and revealing that fact was not a violation of the criminal law. In other words, there was no crime to prosecute and there was no mystery to solve as to who had leaked Wilson's wife's name to columnist Robert Novak."

03/09/07 National Review Online, Mona Charen: It's Nothing About Libby
"Mr. Libby faces prison. And for what? Because a Kerry-supporting, proven liar called Joseph Wilson persuaded the press that the White House committed a crime in outing his CIA wife. Prosecutor Ahab Fitzgerald knew that this was not true; that Richard Armitage (an opponent of the Iraq War, by the way) was the leaker; and that the whole purpose of mentioning Valerie Plame was not to destroy her career or, God forbid, endanger her life but rather to explain the otherwise mysterious decision by elements of this administration to send that guy on a sensitive mission to Niger."

03/09/07 The Cincinnati Post, Dan K. Thomasson: No crime, guilty verdict
"[T]he special prosecutor managed to turn a non-crime into one for the century and in the process nail a super villain like Libby, who even the jury concedes has been left to twist slowly in the wind by his comrades. As one of the illustrious panelists confided, 'we wondered why this guy was even here.' Well, join most of those Americans who have been paying attention to Fitzgerald's masterful ability to create a mountain out of perhaps the smallest molehill in the history of jurisprudence at taxpayer expense. He really should write a book outlining the methods employed in turning insignificant creatures like Valerie Plame and Joseph Wilson into household names and routine Washington events into prosecutable offenses. But then he did have help from typical White House overreaction to Wilson."

03/09/07 The Washington Post, Charles Krauthammer: Fitzgerald's Folly
"There are lies and there are memory lapses. Bill Clinton denied under oath having sex with Monica Lewinsky. Unless you're Wilt Chamberlain, sex is not the kind of thing you forget easily. Sandy Berger denied stuffing classified documents in his pants, an act not quite as elaborate as sex, but still involving a lot of muscle memory and unlikely to have been honestly forgotten. Scooter Libby has just been convicted of four felonies that could theoretically give him 25 years in jail for . . . what? Misstating when he first heard a certain piece of information, namely the identity of Joe Wilson's wife."

03/08/07 The Associated Press: BEHIND THE NEWS -- Scooter has left the building
"Long before the four guilty verdicts and the press conferences, before the television trucks arrived and the trial began, I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby was just another guy at the federal courthouse. Most mornings, the former White House aide could be found in jeans and shirt sleeves, sipping coffee out of a foam cup on his way to a small courthouse room where the government stored the classified evidence in his case. Court officers smiled politely, and Libby, the former chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney, always smiled back."

03/08/07 The Salt Lake Tribune, Rich Lowry: Patrick Fitzgerald's disgrace
"At an October 2005 press conference announcing Libby's indictment, Fitzgerald said that Valerie Plame's employment at the CIA was 'not well-known, for her protection.' But Plame has not notably been endangered at any of her photo shoots since her 'outing.' Fitzgerald said that 'the first sign' of her cover being blown was the publication of her name in a Robert Novak column. Actually, the first sign was her husband writing about his trip to Niger in The New York Times -- which inevitably led to questions of why such a Bush-hater was sent on the mission. (Answer: His wife worked at the CIA.)"

03/08/07 The Washington Post, Robert D. Novak: A Verdict on the Wilson Affair
"While my column on Wilson's mission triggered Libby's misery, I played but a minor role in his trial. Subpoenaed by his defense team, I testified that I had phoned him in reporting the Wilson column and that he had said nothing about Wilson's wife. Other journalists said the same thing under oath, but we apparently made no impression on the jury. . . . On Fox's 'Hannity & Colmes' Tuesday night, superlawyer David Boies said Fitzgerald never should have prosecuted Libby because there was no underlying criminal violation. Boies scoffed at Fitzgerald's contention that Libby had obstructed him from exposing criminal activity. Boies, who represented Al Gore in the 2000 election dispute, is hardly a Bush sympathizer. But neither is he a Democratic partisan trying to milk this obscure scandal."

03/08/07 The Associated Press: Libby Lawyers Pursue Legal Options
"Attorneys for I. Lewis 'Scooter'' Libby began crafting a request for a new trial Wednesday as the Bush White House tried to knock down speculation about a pardon for the convicted former aide."

03/07/07 Wall Street Journal Editorial: The Libby Travesty
"The word 'guilty' had barely crossed the airwaves yesterday in the perjury case of Scooter Libby before critics were calling it proof that President Bush 'lied us into war' and demanding that Dick Cheney be strung up next. Maybe now Mr. Bush will realize that this case was always a political fight over Iraq and do the right thing by pardoning Mr. Libby. The conviction is certainly a travesty of justice, though that is not the jury's fault. The 11 men and women were faced with confusing evidence of conflicting memories in a case that never should have been brought."

03/07/07 Wall Street Journal Editorial, Ronald D. Rotunda: The Case for a Libby Pardon
"This case began when the White House decided to launch a criminal investigation of who told reporter Robert Novak that Valerie Plame worked for the CIA, where she once held non-official cover status. The Constitution gives the president (according to the Supreme Court in U.S. v. Nixon) the 'exclusive authority and absolute discretion to decide whether to prosecute a case.' But there is another power that the Constitution also commits to the president's unreviewable discretion. That is the pardon power, and it is just as important an exercise of executive authority. While post-trial motions or inevitable appeals may eventually overturn the jury verdict, there is no need for the president to wait. In the unusual circumstances of this case, a presidential pardon is appropriate."

03/07/07 New York Post Editorial: FREE SCOOTER LIBBY
"Despite the jury's guilty verdict yesterday on four of five counts, it's fair to say that Fitzgerald added nothing to what was well known about the question that ostensibly prompted this probe in the first place: Who leaked CIA operative Valerie Plame Wilson's name to columnist Robert Novak? The answer, as Fitzgerald knew for three years, was then-Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage - in an off-hand conversation, not a leak. . . . President Bush should make things right - by pardoning Libby. Sure, he'd take a lot of political heat for it. But Libby was in the dock because of politics - and turnabout is fair play. Free Scooter Libby."

03/07/07 National Review Online, Fred Thompson: Law and Disorder
"Doesn’t Patrick Fitzgerald look like a man who has dodged a bullet and is ready to get out of town? That was my first impression after watching the special-prosecutor’s press conference after news came down Wednesday about Scooter Libby. It would seem that prosecuting a Bush official before a Washington jury is not necessarily a slam dunk after all when the gruel is this thin."

03/06/07 National Review Online, Victoria Toensing: Does the Libby Verdict Have Appeal?
"The Scooter Libby verdict makes no logical sense, but that won’t bother the legal notions of an appellate court. . . . I don’t think I’ve ever read a case where the courts have overturned a conviction because the individual verdict counts were internally inconsistent. But there are issues that could be legally significant on appeal. To name a few: The court punished Libby for not taking the stand. . . . The court prevented the defense from impeaching Tim Russert. . . . The court permitted Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald to refer to Valerie Plame as being 'covert' or having a 'classified' job throughout trial and specifically during closing argument."

03/06/07 Wall Street Journal, Best of the Web, James Taranto: The Libby Travesty
"Libby stands convicted of lying in the course of Patrick Fitzgerald's investigation of the Valerie Plame kerfuffle--but that investigation was undertaken on the basis of a tissue of lies. When Fitzgerald began the case, in 2003, no one had committed any crime in connection with the kerfuffle, and that was fairly easy to ascertain, given that Plame was not a covert agent and Armitage had already owned up to the so-called leak. Fitzgerald looks like an overzealous prosecutor, one who was more interested in getting a scalp than in getting to the truth of the matter."

03/06/07 National Review Online Editorial: Pardon Libby
"President Bush should pardon I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby. The trial that concluded in a guilty verdict on four of five counts conclusively proved only one thing: A White House aide became the target of a politicized prosecution set in motion by bureaucratic infighting and political cowardice. . . . The 'CIA-leak case' has been a travesty. A good man has paid a very heavy price for the Left's fevers, the media's scandal-mongering, and President Bush's failure to unify his own administration. Justice demands that Bush issue a pardon and lower the curtain on an embarrassing drama that shouldn’t have lasted beyond its opening act."

03/06/07 The Associated Press: Libby Found Guilty in CIA Leak Trial
"Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff, I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby, was convicted Tuesday of lying and obstructing an investigation into the leak of a CIA operative's identity."

03/06/07 National Review Online, David Frum: Travesty
"Scooter Libby is convicted in the Plame leak case. The man who actually did the leaking continues to earn millions of dollars, go out to dinner, and be respectfully quoted by attentive journalists. Scooter Libby is publicly branded an oath-breaker on the basis of diverging recollections. Yet it was the man who set this case in motion, former ambassador Joe Wilson, who was caught in lie after lie by the Senate Intelligence committee. . . . Pardon Scooter Now."

03/05/07 National Review Online, Byron York: The Libby Trial: What’s With the Jury?
"Today is the ninth day of deliberations in the perjury and obstruction of justice trial of Lewis Libby. Jurors have been asked to decide Libby’s guilt or innocence on five counts, two of perjury, two of making false statements, and one of obstruction, all rooted in one question: Did Libby lie when he told authorities about his knowledge of Valerie Plame Wilson? While that might sound imposing, the job is not quite as big as it sounds."

03/05/07 The Associated Press: Libby Jury Ends Day With More Questions
"Jurors completed their ninth day of deliberations Monday without a verdict in the perjury trial of ex-White House aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby, but before finishing they asked three more questions about one charge. The seven women and four men were told they would get answers when they resume work Tuesday. The note with the jury's latest questions was not made public."

03/05/07 AEI's David Frum: I'm Glad Somebody's Happy
"For most of the participants, even the most remote, the Valerie Plame CIA leak case has inflicted severe harm. Journalists like Time's Matt Cooper and NBC's Tim Russert have been called before grand juries to disclose confidential conversations. New York Times reporter Judy Miller languished in jail for 81 days rather than divulge her sources. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, former chief of staff to Vice-president Dick Cheney, faces a possible prison sentence of up to 30 years. Even if acquitted, his defence will cost him US$6-million he did not have. . . . Libby has been charged with lying to investigators about a secret that was not a secret and a disclosure he did not disclose. His fate will be decided next week."

03/01/07 The Associated Press: Libby jurors expect to work into next week
"Jurors in the perjury trial of ex-White House aide I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby have much work to do and expect to deliberate into next week. They asked U.S. District Judge Reggie B. Walton for a dictionary and more office supplies and asked to leave early on Friday for the weekend. Walton denied the request for the dictionary but told jurors they could take off at 2 p.m. Friday."

02/22/07 Wall Street Journal, Daniel Henninger: Scooter Libby and Reputation
"The trial of I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby is the closest version of a Red Queen trial this country has had in a long time. One says that knowing it might start a stampede from past defendants laying claim to the most upside-down prosecution. . . . In December 2003, the prosecutor purports a crime has been committed by revealing a 'covert' CIA agent's identity to the press--despite knowing then what the outside world learned nearly three years later--that the revealer of the agent was a State Department official, Richard Armitage. With the 'whodunnit' solved on day one, the prosecution follows the Red Queen's script by taking the nation on a useless, joyless ride through the opaque looking-glass of Washington journalism."

02/21/07 The Associated Press: No Verdict From CIA Leak Jurors
"Jurors deliberated Wednesday without reaching a verdict on whether former White House aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby obstructed the investigation into who leaked the identity of a CIA operative married to a prominent Iraq war critic. The eight women and four men heard 14 days of testimony, a full day of closing arguments and more than an hour of instructions from U.S. District Judge Reggie Walton before beginning their discussions. After 4 1/2 hours of deliberation, the jurors went home until Thursday."

02/21/07 The Washington Post: Ted Wells, Center Of the Defense
"For most of the month-long trial, Ted Wells, Scooter Libby's high-priced attorney, had been all smiles. He laughed. He shared light moments with the judge, the jury and with his opponent, special prosecutor Patrick J. Fitzgerald. At one point Wells and Fitzgerald were so palsy-walsy, Judge Reggie B. Walton chastised them. Yesterday, in his closing argument, he struck a much different note. Speaking to the jury, Wells said Libby 'has been in my protection for the past month.' Now, he told them, he was turning Libby over to them."

02/21/07 National Review Online Editorial: Case Closed
"We have long argued that perjury and obstruction-of-justice charges against Lewis Libby should never have been brought. Now, we’ve had a chance to watch Libby’s trial, to hear the witnesses, to see the evidence. And after all that, our conclusion is: This is a case that should never have been brought."

02/21/07 National Review Online, Byron York: Scooter Who? In Closing Arguments, Fitzgerald Points the Finger at Dick Cheney
"At times in the last year, it appeared that prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald was doggedly trying to stay focused on the narrow case against Libby, while Libby’s lawyers were trying to broaden the case to include the war over the war. But at the federal courthouse in Washington Tuesday, during closing arguments in the Libby trial, the roles were reversed. In his closing arguments, Libby’s defenders attacked the credibility of the witnesses against Libby, while Fitzgerald spoke darkly of the involvement of Libby’s old boss, Vice President Dick Cheney."

02/20/07 National Review Online, Byron York: The Libby Trial: Did Fitzgerald Prove His Case?
"Today both prosecution and defense are scheduled to make closing arguments in the perjury and obstruction trial of Lewis Libby. During the trial, prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald and chief defender Ted Wells each presented nine witnesses. The jury saw dozens of documents and also heard all eight hours of Libby’s testimony before Fitzgerald’s grand jury. That’s the case; there won’t be any more evidence or testimony. So now, with the trial over except for closing arguments and the jury’s deliberations, we have an opportunity to evaluate Fitzgerald’s charges in light of the evidence presented in court."

02/20/07 The Associated Press: Leak Lawyers Close on Credibility Issue
"Defense attorney Theodore Wells portrayed the case as one of competing recollections. Russert says the conversation about Plame never occurred. Wells said it did happen, noted several inconsistencies in Russert's statements and told jurors that the men may simply have different recollections about the same conversation. 'You cannot convict Mr. Libby solely on the word of this man,' Wells said. 'It would just be fundamentally unfair.'"

02/18/07 The Washington Post, Victoria Toensing: Trial in Error
"Could someone please explain to me why Scooter Libby is the only person on trial in the Valerie Plame leak investigation? . . . Fitzgerald apparently concluded that a purported cover-up was sufficient motive for Libby to trim his recollections in a criminal way. So when Libby's testimony differed from that of others, it was Libby who got indicted. There's a reason why responsible prosecutors don't bring perjury cases on mere "he said, he said" evidence. Without an underlying crime or tangible evidence of obstruction (think Martha Stewart trying to destroy phone logs), the trial becomes a mishmash of faulty memories in which witnesses can seem as guilty as the defendant. Any prosecutor knows that memories differ, even vividly, and each party can be convinced that his or her version is the truthful one."

02/17/07 The Washington Post, Byron York: What the CIA Leak Case Is About
"At the end of each witness's testimony in the perjury and obstruction trial of Lewis 'Scooter' Libby, after prosecutors and defense attorneys examined and cross-examined, U.S. District Judge Reggie B. Walton asked jurors to write down any questions they had. Walton would then look through the papers, decide which questions were appropriate and pose them to the witness. . . . But last week there was a moment when we got a hint not from a question that Walton asked, but from one he refused to ask. . . . A moment later, Walton told the jurors: 'What Mrs. Wilson's status was at the CIA, whether it was covert or not covert, is not something that you're going to hear any evidence presented to you on in this trial.'"

02/16/07 Accuracy in Media, Roger Aronoff: Media Guilty in Libby Trial
"Having attended several sessions of the Scooter Libby trial, I was not surprised to hear that Libby and Vice President Cheney would not be testifying. The case against Libby is surprisingly thin, and from the point of view of the defense, the goal is to get Libby off, not put on a show for Keith Olbermann, Chris Matthews, and the left-wing blogs. The defense has apparently concluded that the government has not made a compelling enough case to convict Libby. When Matthews found out that they weren't going to testify, he said he was 'flabbergasted.' 'We thought we were going to have a grand show,' said Matthews."

02/16/07 New York Sun: In Leak Case, Jurors Given Plethora of Reasons To Acquit Libby
"If jurors at the perjury and obstruction-of-justice trial of I. Lewis Libby Jr. are looking for reasons to acquit the former chief of staff to Vice President Cheney, they have a lot to choose from. Mr. Libby 's defense, led by Theodore Wells Jr. and William Jeffress Jr., has offered a hodgepodge of arguments, including innocent failures of memory on the part of the defendant and similar shortcomings in the recollections of prosecution witnesses. The defense also has advanced at least three seemingly separate conspiracies involving NBC News journalists, CIA and State Department officials, and White House aides protecting President Bush's top political adviser, Karl Rove."

02/16/07 New York Post, John Podhoretz: LIBBY'S LIBERATOR?
"TIM Russert, news superstar, finds himself at the center of the legal case against former White House official Scooter Libby. Why? Because he put himself there. . . . The question is: How could Russert's memory of his July 2003 conversation with Libby improve over time? If he wasn't sure about the details in November 2003, how could he be so certain about them when testifying before a grand jury in 2005? And be even more certain testifying in court in 2007? Should the jury believe Russert's words now - or take more account of his words in November 2003? . . . Russert's behavior in the course of the Libby case has been inexplicable. And inglorious. But maybe, just maybe, Russert's original words from November 2003 - words he should never have spoken in the first place - will help get my friend Scooter out of his disgraceful mess."

02/15/07 National Review Online, Byron York: Why Libby Didn’t Testify
"The perjury and obstruction trial of Lewis Libby is limping to a conclusion today as prosecutors and defense lawyers haggle over the judge’s final instructions to the jury. . . . But what about the decision — the key decision in the entire trial — to keep Libby off the witness stand? For the defense team, the question never hinged on whether the jury needed a chance to hear Libby talk about his role in the CIA-leak affair. The question was whether the jury needed another chance to hear Libby talk about his role in the CIA-leak affair. And the answer was: Eight hours is enough. . . . [J]urors also heard a lot of Patrick Fitzgerald questioning Lewis Libby. And Libby’s defenders are betting that jurors took from those recordings an impression not only of the defendant but of the prosecutor. And the impression that Libby’s supporters hope jurors will have is that of a prosecutor trying too hard to find a crime where there was none."

02/15/07 New York sun: Defense Rests Its Case in Trial of Former White House Aide Libby
"The defense at the trial of I. Lewis Libby Jr. rested its case yesterday after the judge and attorneys sparred over the legal impact of the former White House aide's decision not to take the witness stand. . . . Mr. Wells also asked to present evidence that prosecutors agreed that Mr. Russert could challenge a grand jury subpoena despite the possibility that he waived his right to do so by speaking to an FBI agent about the leak under investigation. 'He went around the country telling people he was this great protector of the First Amendment,' when in fact he had cooperated with the probe, Mr. Wells said. 'It was totally kept out of the public record and Mr. Russert took great advantage of that.'"

02/15/07 New York Post, John Podhoretz: LIBBY'S 'LITTLE' DISTRACTIONS
"ONLY minutes before Scooter Libby rested his case yesterday in the proceeding that has riveted political junkies across America, the world learned something entirely new. We got a glimpse into what it must be like to work as a senior White House official with the highest access to American intelligence in the midst of the War on Terror and the Iraq War. It's enough to make you have nightmares for weeks."

02/14/07 New York Post, John Podhoretz: 'HUNG JURY' A RISKY LIBBY TACTIC
"Libby's lawyers are bringing the trial to a close because they feel they've done the very best they can under the restrictions laid down by Judge Reggie Walton. What they've demonstrated pretty convincingly is this: Whatever Libby may have said or done during the months of June and July 2003 involving a CIA officer named Valerie Plame Wilson, nothing came of it. None of the conversations with journalists in which he participated led to the publication of Plame's name. Libby spoke to some reporters, none of whom wrote or broadcast anything about Plame. Meanwhile, reporters who did receive leaks about her - Bob Woodward and columnist Bob Novak - testified those leaks didn't come from Libby but rather from Richard Armitage, a State Department official and bureaucratic enemy of Libby's."

02/14/07 The Associated Press: Russert May Testify Again in Leak Trial
"NBC newsman Tim Russert's credibility came under fire in the CIA leak trial Wednesday, and he may be called back to the witness stand. . . . Russert was not forced to go before a grand jury. Rather, he was allowed to testify in an interview with his lawyer present. As Libby's attorneys tried last week to cast that as favorable treatment, Russert _ a law school graduate and former Senate counsel _ said he was unaware that grand jury witnesses are not allowed to have attorneys present. Libby's attorneys found three old television clips that suggest Russert did know. In those clips, Russert describes the grand jury that was investigating members of the Clinton administration. In them, he notes that witnesses are not allowed to have attorneys in the room when they testify."

02/14/07 Russert Impeachment Memo and Exhibits


02/14/07 ABC News: Libby's Fate in Jury's Hands Next Week
"Before the defense rested, the attorneys read a stipulation, a statement of fact agreed to by both sides, from former FBI agent John Eckenrode, who lead the FBI's leak investigation. The stipulation focused on a report in which Eckenrode wrote that he spoke to Tim Russert on two occasions about the leak investigation. Russert testified on the witness stand last week that Eckenrode had contacted him to discuss statements in which Libby said he had learned about Plame from Russert. The report noted that Russert had said he had one or possibly two conversations with Libby on or around July 10, 2003, but he couldn't remember all of the details. Bolstering the faulty memory defense, the jury was shown a section of the document that noted that Russert 'Does not recall saying anything about the wife of Ambassador Wilson … Although he could not rule out the possibility he had such an exchange, Russert was at a loss to remember it.'"

02/13/07 The Associated Press: Adviser Details Libby's 'Awful' Memory
"Vice President Dick Cheney's national security adviser described his predecessor, I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby, Tuesday as someone responsible for the nation's most sensitive intelligence but whose memory was notoriously spotty. John Hannah, who served as Libby's deputy in 2003 and 2004, described a workday that began with a highly classified CIA briefing and continued at breakneck speed from one top-level meeting to the next. . . . Hannah is a critical defense witness because he bolsters Libby's argument that he was focused on terrorist threats, foreign intelligence and war planning. And when it came to remembering things in such a fast-paced environment, Hannah said, Libby frequently faltered."

02/13/07 ABC News: 'Law & Order' Senator Rips Libby Trial Tactics
"After making a star turn observing courtroom proceedings last week in Washington, former Sen. Fred Thompson, R-Tenn., is now publicly railing against Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald's prosecution of I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby, calling it a ‘travesty and injustice.' . . . You very very seldom see a charge like this brought,' he explained, then adding, 'You can get someone caught up on a faulty memory and make this kind of accusation in almost any investigation. Here, everybody connected with the case has a faulty memory. We've seen an array of prosecution witnesses, one after another, who cannot remember entire conversations they had with people.' The lack of supervision surrounding Fitzgerald is where Thompson sees a prosecution out of control."

02/13/07 Wall Street Journal, Best of the Web, Opinion Journal: Inside the Bubble
"Yesterday's 'Meet the Press' featured a fascinating discussion of the Scooter Libby trial, moderated by host Tim Russert, who left it to guest Howard Kurtz to disclose that Russert testified last week as a witness for the prosecution. Kurtz, the Washington Post's media reporter, and Post columnist David Broder showed that they've been in Washington way too long."

02/13/07 New York Times: Libby Lawyers Open Case With Denials by Reporters
"Lawyers for I. Lewis Libby Jr. opened their case Monday with a parade of prominent Washington reporters who testified that Mr. Libby never mentioned the identity of a Central Intelligence Agency operative when they interviewed him during the period the officer’s identity was leaked to the news media. One by one, the reporters from The Washington Post, The New York Times and Newsweek took the stand and recounted their conversations with Mr. Libby in the summer of 2003 about unconventional weapons and Iraq. They briskly and unhesitatingly said Mr. Libby, then the chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney, did not speak about the C.I.A. employee, Valerie Wilson."

02/13/07 The Washington Post: Journalists Testify That Libby Never Mentioned CIA Officer
"Six journalists testified yesterday that Vice President Cheney's former chief of staff, I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby, never mentioned an undercover CIA officer to them -- and some said they learned about her identity from other administration sources. . . . Pincus was the first of six reporters to say they spoke to Libby, or were called by him, during a crucial period in June 2003 and early July 2003 but did not learn Plame's identity from him."

02/13/07 New York Sun: Libby's Jury Hears Rant Of Diplomat
"The jury in the trial of I. Lewis Libby Jr., who served as Vice President Cheney's chief of staff, has heard powerful evidence that two other officials were responsible for disclosing the identity of a CIA officer, Valerie Plame. . . . The exchange between Messrs. Woodward and Armitage is the first known instance in which a government official discussed Ms. Plame's employment with a journalist."

02/13/07 Investor's Business Daily Editorial: Trial — And Error
"We know that Fitzgerald knew who the leaker was before he asked Libby a single question. We know that if there were a concerted effort to discredit Joe Wilson, Libby was not part of it. We also know the only confirmed liar in this affair is Joe Wilson himself, who lied at least three times in Senate testimony. So what's this trial all about? It's about Fitzgerald justifying his existence and his waste of millions of taxpayer dollars in a trial that never should have been held based on an investigation that never should have been carried out."

02/13/07 The Associated Press: Ex-Senator Questions Fitzgerald's Case
"Former Sen. Fred Thompson, R-Tenn., criticized Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald's handling of the CIA leak investigation Tuesday, saying the prosecutor had to have known from the start that it was not a crime to disclose Valerie Plame's identity as an agent. A fund-raiser for the defense of I. Lewis " 'Scooter' Libby, Thompson depicted Fitzgerald as out of control, telling ABC News there was "no brake and no check and no balance" on the prosecutor."

02/13/07 National Review Online, Byron York: If There Was a Conspiracy to Out Plame, How Come Libby Didn’t Tell Woodward? Or Novak?Or Pincus, Or…?
"What do Bob Woodward, Robert Novak, Walter Pincus, David Sanger, Glenn Kessler, and Evan Thomas have in common? They’re all reporters, of course, and on Monday, in testimony at the perjury and obstruction trial of Lewis Libby, each had much the same story. Each was covering events in Washington during that intense period in mid-2003 when the Bush administration came under attack from former ambassador Joseph Wilson over its case for war in Iraq. Each interviewed Libby, then Vice President Dick Cheney’s chief of staff. And each heard nothing from Libby about Valerie Plame Wilson."

02/12/07 The Associated Press: Woodward, Novak testify as attorneys cast Libby as scapegoat
"Some of the nation's best-known journalists testified Monday about news leaks in the Bush administration as attorneys for I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby tried to cast the former White House aide as a scapegoat in the CIA case. . . . Using reporters as their first batch of witnesses, Libby's attorneys tried to show that the administration was leaking from several sources. And when Libby had the opportunity to leak himself, they said, he did not."

02/12/07 The Associated Press: Armitage Outs Agent in Woodward Tapes
"Jurors in the CIA leak trial on Monday heard a one-minute excerpt from Washington Post journalist Bob Woodward's tape recorder which revealed a top State Department official repeatedly discussing CIA operative Valerie Plame. . . . Armitage mentioned several times, in sometimes explicit terms that had to be redacted, that former Ambassador Joseph Wilson's wife was a weapons of mass destruction analyst for the CIA."

02/12/07 The Associated Press: Post Reporter Identifies Fleischer As Source For CIA Story
"Former White House press secretary Ari Fleischer leaked the identity of a CIA operative to Washington Post reporter Walter Pincus during a 2003 phone call, Pincus testified Monday as the first defense witness in the CIA leak trial."

02/12/07 The Associated Press: Libby Believes NBC News Could Clear Him
"Attorneys for I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby believe that NBC News holds a key to clearing him of perjury and obstruction charges in the CIA leak case. Libby, the former chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney, wants a federal judge to let his lawyers question Andrea Mitchell, NBC's foreign affairs correspondent, about when she learned that the wife of an outspoken Bush administration critic worked for the CIA."

02/12/07 USA Today: Libby lawyers to call on high-profile journalists
"Lawyers for Lewis 'Scooter' Libby are scheduled to begin their case Monday by calling a brace of high-profile journalists to give testimony they hope will clear Libby of perjury and obstruction charges. Among those likely to be called, according to court transcripts: NBC's Andrea Mitchell, Bob Woodward of The Washington Post, Evan Thomas of Newsweek and Jill Abramson, managing editor of The New York Times. . . . Theodore Wells, Libby's lead counsel, has said in court filings and statements to the court that he'll call these journalists to show there was no 'plot' to unmask Plame's identity and that talk of her CIA job was widespread."

02/12/07 The Washington Post: Media Figures May Be Reluctant Defense Witnesses in Libby Case
Defense attorneys also are eager to question Mitchell about the memory and credibility of Russert, her NBC colleague. Mitchell professed on CNBC's "Capital Report" in October 2003 that it was 'widely known' among intelligence reporters such as herself that Wilson's wife worked at the CIA. . . . Libby's defense argued that Mitchell may have told Russert -- who testified for two days last week -- about the CIA operative but later wanted to back away from her assertion of knowledge. If she did know the information, they said, it would bolster Libby's contention that he learned about Plame's identity in a July 10, 2003, telephone call with Russert."

02/11/07 New York Post Editorial: FITZ'S CURIOUS PROSECUTION
"[N]othing we've seen in the past three weeks has changed our view that this entire trial is nothing less than a monumental waste of time. . . . [W]ithin weeks of his appointment, Fitzgerald learned that the leaker actually was Richard Armitage, then deputy secretary of state - and an opponent of the Iraq war. And that he'd ID'd Plame in an offhand conversation, not a deliberate leak. In fact, no one has been indicted for leaking Plame's name. The only one charged in this case is Scooter Libby - who both sides agree had nothing to do with providing Novak with Plame's name."

02/11/07 New York Post, Byron York: LIBBY & THE LEAK
THE judge in the perjury and obstruction of justice trial of Lewis Libby is trying mightily to keep courtroom proceedings focused on the narrow question of whether Libby lied to a grand jury in the CIA leak case. But it's not working. . . . FIRST, we've learned that the accepted version of how it all started seems to be wrong. . . . THE trial has also revealed that some of our premier political reporters and government officials have perfectly terribly memories. . . . WE'RE also learning more about the so-called 'conspiracy' to out Valerie Plame: There wasn't one."

02/10/07 The NEw York Times: At Libby’s Defense Table, a Tough but Deft Lawyer
"Thus far in the Libby case, Mr. Wells, with his tall and athletic bearing, has displayed his skill as a communicator through his opening statement and his cross-examinations of government witnesses. He used a wireless microphone so he could stride around the courtroom while striking notes of anger, incredulity and wounded innocence on behalf of Mr. Libby, the former chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney."

02/09/07 The Associated Press: Russert on the Hot Seat in Libby Trial
"NBC's Tim Russert got the sort of 'Meet the Press'' interrogation he usually gives his guests as attorneys Thursday flashed excerpts of his previous statements on a video monitor and asked him to explain inconsistencies. . . . Russert seemed uncomfortable at times as Libby's attorneys asked him to explain why he willingly told an FBI agent about a July 2003 conversation with Libby, then gave a sworn statement saying he would not testify about that conversation because it was confidential."

02/09/07 New York Times: NBC’s Russert Wraps Up Prosecution Case in Libby Trial
"The last day of the prosecution’s case was largely consumed with an intense battle of wills between Mr. Libby’s chief defense lawyer, Theodore V. Wells Jr., and the final prosecution witness, Tim Russert of NBC News. . . . Mr. Wells, using the technique that Mr. Russert is known for as moderator of “Meet the Press,” then put up on video screens throughout the courtroom Mr. Russert’s words in an affidavit he filed later. In an effort to avoid complying with a subpoena to testify about the same subject before a grand jury, Mr. Russert swore that he could not discuss the conversation because to do so would violate his deeply held journalistic principles."

02/08/07 The Associated Press: Libby Gets Lift From "Law and Order" Star Fred Thompson
"Former Tennessee Sen. Fred Thompson sat in the public gallery with Libby's public relations person, Barbara Comstock. . . . Asked why he came Thompson said, 'I'm a friend of Scooter Libby and his family.'"

02/05/07 Defendant’s Memory Defense Memorandum


02/05/07 Wall Street Journal Editorial Report, Paul Gigot: Trials and Tribulations
What began over three years ago as an investigation into who leaked the name of a CIA official, came down this week to the spotty recollections of two journalists on the stand in the Scooter Libby trial. Former New York Times reporter Judy Miller and Time magazine's Matt Cooper were grilled by defense lawyers about faulty memories and sloppy note-taking. Though prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald discovered early on that Libby was not the leaker, he kept the inquiry open for nearly two more years, ultimately indicting the vice president's former chief of staff for perjury and obstruction of justice."

02/05/07 The Associated Press: Agent Acknowledges Gaps in Libby Notes
"An FBI agent acknowledged Monday that some of her testimony could not be backed up by notes, an admission that attorneys for former White House aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby seized on in an effort to undercut perjury and obstruction charges."

02/05/07 National Review Online, Byron York: Libby Judge: Even I Don’t Know Plame’s Status
"The perjury and obstruction trial of Lewis 'Scooter' Libby resumes this week with the playing of Libby’s grand-jury testimony and the appearance of star prosecution witness Tim Russert. After that, Libby’s defense team will present its case."

02/02/07 New York Post, John Podhoretz: THE LIBBY FARCE
"Maybe that's because the case against Scooter Libby is so astoundingly petty that arguing over it is like arguing over scraps. Having begun his investigation with the possibility of bringing down the Bush administration due to the possible commission of a national-security felony, Fitzgerald has wound up trying to argue that the incomprehensible notes and Swiss-cheese recollections of reporters are indisputable facts."

02/02/07 National Review Online, Mona Charen: A Farce and an Outrage
"We are in the midst of a criminal trial concerning the leaking of CIA covert operative Valerie Plame’s name to the press. The man on trial did not do the leaking. The man who did the leaking is not on trial. The woman who is the subject of the fictional leak was probably not covert. The person who leaked her name did so in the course of gossip and almost certainly did not, as the law requires, 'know that the government had taken affirmative measures to conceal' her identity (because if she wasn’t covert, the government would have taken no such steps).'"

02/01/07 Investor's Business Daily Editorial: Miller Time
"Judith Miller's bout with amnesia apparently is over. In the Libby trial, she can recall exactly what he told her when, something she couldn't when she had 85 days in jail to think about it. Journalists are supposed to be scrupulous note-takers and fact-checkers. What they put in print is supposed to be cross-checked, double-checked and checked again. Nowhere is the accuracy of their stories more important than in the perjury and obstruction of justice trial of Scooter Libby, at which 25 of the 80 names listed as possible witnesses are journalists."

02/01/07 National Review Online, Byron York: The Libby Trial: Fitzgerald’s Weakest Link
"Two of the five felony counts in the perjury and obstruction of justice case against Lewis Libby, the former chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney, are based entirely on a single phone conversation Libby had with Matthew Cooper, then a White House correspondent for Time magazine, on July 12, 2003. "

02/01/07 The Washington Post: Ex-Time Reporter Testifies in Libby Trial
"The pair's turn on the witness stand also provided an unflattering portrayal of how some of Washington's most prominent journalists work. If the testimony of half a dozen government officials earlier in the trial exposed infighting at the highest levels of the Bush administration, the testimony of Cooper and Miller exposed jurors -- and the public -- to the sloppy and incomplete note-taking of reporters, their inability to remember crucial interviews and, in Miller's case, important interview notes stuffed into a shopping bag under her desk."

02/01/07 New York Times: Former Times Reporter Testimony Is Challenged
"William H. Jeffress Jr., the lawyer for Mr. Libby, asked Ms. Miller what other officials she had spoken with about Ms. Wilson. 'I remember having conversations, sir,' she said, casting quick glances at the jury and at her lawyers sitting in the back of the courtroom. But she said she could not remember talking to anybody else about Ms. Wilson, who is also known by her maiden name, Valerie Plame."

02/01/07 The Hill, Bryon York: In the Libby case, no one remembers what happened
"Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald didn’t believe Libby. But the government’s case relies on recollections, too — of witnesses who say they told Libby about Mrs. Wilson, or that Libby told them about her. So it’s not surprising that Libby’s lawyers are challenging those memories. What is surprising is that they have had so much success."

01/31/07 The Associated Press: Journalists under fire in CIA leak case
"Former White House aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby is the defendant but journalism seemed at times to be on trial Wednesday as two reporters were questioned about their methods. . . . 'If you take that snapshot as representative of the whole industry, it can make us look pretty bad,' said Jane Kirtley, a media ethics professor at the University of Minnesota."

01/31/07 Wall Street Journal: Libby Trial Puts Reporters' Recall To a Severe Test
"Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald is calling several prominent reporters to help bolster the government's case in the perjury trial of Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Vice President Cheney's former chief of staff. But the journalists are likely to find themselves the subject of unflattering scrutiny as defense attorneys highlight imprecise and inconsistent recollections and note-taking."

01/31/07 National Review Online, Byron York: Judith Miller at the Libby Trial: “I Don’t Recall.”
"The latest witness to contradict Libby and then find her credibility seriously challenged is Judith Miller, the former New York Times reporter who went to jail for 85 days in an effort to avoid testifying in the case. . . . By the end of the day, Jeffress had planted an entire field’s worth of seeds of doubt. Miller’s memory was faulty. She gave conflicting accounts of events. She had talked to other people about Joseph Wilson and his wife, but she couldn’t remember anything about it."

01/30/07 National Review Online, Byron York: The Libby Trial: Does Everybody Have a Bad Memory?
"[O]n the witness stand Monday, Fleischer said flat-out that he told Dickerson (and Gregory, too) that Wilson’s wife worked for the CIA and sent her husband on the trip. Dickerson quickly countered that he still didn’t recall the conversation that way. 'I have a different memory,' Dickerson wrote in an account in Slate. 'My recollection is that during a presidential trip to Africa in July 2003, Ari and another senior administration official had given me only hints. They told me to go inquire about who sent Wilson to Niger. As far as I can remember — and I am pretty sure I would remember it — neither of them ever told me that Wilson’s wife worked at the CIA.'"

01/30/07 National Review Online, Rich Lowry: The Libby Travesty
"The perjury trial of Vice President Dick Cheney’s former chief of staff Lewis 'Scooter' Libby is not exactly Jarndyce and Jarndyce, the case in the Charles Dickens novel Bleak House, which ruined everyone who came near it and dragged on for so long that people forgot what it originally had been about. But it could ruin Libby’s life and Patrick Fitzgerald’s reputation, and it already feels like a kind of relic. The rationale for Libby’s trial steadily has evaporated since his indictment more than a year ago, but it still goes on."

01/27/07 Defendant Memo re Fleischer Immunity


01/25/07 National Review Online, David B. Rivkin Jr. & Lee A. Casey: An Unnecessary Investigation
"I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby’s trial opened Tuesday in Washington, D.C., with sensational and dramatically differing accounts by prosecution and defense lawyers. At issue is what actually happened in the White House as the Bush administration wrestled with bitterly contested intelligence about Saddam Hussein’s intentions and capabilities, and ultimately whether Vice President Cheney’s former chief-of-staff lied about his role to federal investigators. The whole sorry business is rooted in the so-called Valerie Plame affair, and the case represents a prosecution that should never have been brought."

01/25/07 The Associated Press: Faulty Memories Abound at CIA Leak Trial
"The CIA leak trial has so far been memorable for forgetfulness. One by one, Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald's first three witnesses said they discussed with former White House aide I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby the fact that a prominent Bush administration critic was married to a CIA operative. And one by one, each witness conceded a memory problem. "

01/25/07 National Review Online, Byron York: The Libby Trial: Whose Memory Problems?
"[N]ow, at the long-awaited trial, some of Fitzgerald’s witnesses are having memory problems of their own. Under cross examination by Libby’s lawyers, two of Fitzgerald’s first witnesses had to concede that they could not remember aspects, sometimes important aspects, of their roles in the Plame matter and that they gave conflicting accounts of events during interviews with the FBI, during appearances before Fitzgerald’s grand jury, and at the trial itself."

01/24/07 ABC News: Libby Lawyer Attempts to Discredit Prosecution Witness
"On the second day of I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby's trial, defense lawyer Ted Wells attempted to discredit statements made by prosecution witness Marc Grossman to the FBI. The defense attempted to show discrepancies in comments made by Grossman in his Oct. 17, 2003, interview with the FBI at the beginning of the criminal investigation into who leaked the identity of Valerie Plame, a CIA agent and former diplomat Joseph Wilson's wife."

01/17/07 New York Times: As Trial Begins, Cheney’s Ex-Aide Is Still a Puzzle
"Among Mr. Libby’s friends and former colleagues, the case brought by Patrick J. Fitzgerald, the special prosecutor, is considered not only unjust, but also a terrible irony. “He’s going to be the poster boy for the criminalization of politics, and he’s not even political,” said Mary Matalin, Mr. Cheney’s former political adviser."

01/16/07 ABC News: Cheney, Politics and Iraq Focus of Jury Selection
"This morning a pool of 60 potential jurors entered Courtroom 16 at the U.S. District Court in Washington as the trial of Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff, got under way. Opening statements are slated to begin on Jan. 22."

01/16/07 New York Sun: ‘All Star Game' Taking Shape in Libby's Trial
"The much-anticipated trial of I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby begins tomorrow in Washington. What follows is a comprehensive spectator's guide to a legal drama that involves the White House, the CIA, and the press."

01/15/07 CBS News: Libby Gets A Little Help From His Friends
"I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby won't lack powerful friends or financial resources when he goes on trial on Tuesday. A private fund set up to pay the legal bills of the former top aide to Vice President Dick Cheney has collected more than $3 million since Libby's indictment 14 months ago."

01/12/07 WSJ: As Libby Goes to Trial, Case Appears Weakened
"Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald's case against Lewis "Scooter" Libby goes to trial next week seemingly weakened by revelations that Mr. Fitzgerald knew early in his CIA-leak probe that the ex-White House official wasn't the original source of news-media disclosures."

01/12/07 MSNBC: Libby perjury and obstruction trial set to begin
"Trial is set to begin in the perjury and obstruction trial of former top White House aide I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby. Libby is the only person to be charged in the three-year probe into who leaked the name of CIA agent Valerie Plame."

01/12/07 New York Sun: Curtain's Up As Libby Is Set for Trial
"The trial set to begin in Washington next week of Vice President Cheney's former chief of staff, I. Lewis Libby Jr., will be the first major showdown between two competing narratives about the Bush administration's tactics in responding to critics of the war in Iraq."

01/11/07 The Washington Times: Sticking by Scooter
"A fundraising appeal by Mary Matalin on behalf of embattled I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby Jr., former chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney, steered us in the direction of the Libby Legal Defense Trust and its advisory committee, which reads like a Republican Who's Who."

01/08/07 WSJ Editorial: Fitzgerald's Wild Source Chase
"Patrick Fitzgerald's trial of Scooter Libby is set to begin this month, assuming anyone can still remember what this case is all about. Oh, yes, Mr. Fitzgerald is prosecuting Mr. Libby for lying in order to . . . well, we're still waiting to hear a motive for this alleged perjury to cover up a leak that wasn't a crime. But perhaps the prosecutor will come up with something."

01/02/07 The Associated Press: Journalists may testify in CIA leak case
"Some journalists who made careers out of questioning government officials and bearing witness to history may soon find themselves answering questions from prosecutors as key witnesses in the CIA leak case. Ten or more reporters from some of the most prominent news organizations could be called to testify in the perjury and obstruction case of former White House aide I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby."

12/19/06 The Associated Press: Cheney to Be Defense Witness in CIA Case
"Vice President Dick Cheney will be called to testify on behalf of his former chief of staff in the CIA leak case, defense attorneys said Tuesday, ending months of speculation over what would be historic testimony."

12/15/06 NBC: Witnesses in Libby trial all expected to testify
"Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald has signaled that none of the government witnesses he intends to call will refuse to testify in the upcoming trial of Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff, I Lewis "Scooter" Libby."

12/11/06 The Associated Press: Judge Settles Fight Over Classified Info
"A federal judge all but resolved the protracted legal fight over classified information in the CIA leak case Monday, helping ensure the dispute would not derail former White House aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby's perjury and obstruction trial."

12/06/06 Libby Motion for Reciprocal Discovery


12/04/06 NBC: Libby defense: Too preoccupied with Iraq
"I Lewis 'Scooter' Libby - Vice President Cheney's former chief of staff, says he was too preoccupied with terrorist threats, Iraq's new government and emerging nuclear programs in Iran, Pakistan and North Korea to remember details of his conversations three years ago about a CIA operative, Valerie Plame."

12/01/06 The Associated Press: Court Records May Preview Libby Trial
"Libby plans to testify that he had other, more weighty issues on his mind and simply misspoke or forgot when interviewed by the FBI and the grand jury. Among those issues were the 2003 rise of Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas, a diplomatic crisis in Turkey, the ousting of Liberian President Charles Taylor and the role of the Iraqi military after the fall of Saddam Hussein."

12/01/06 Judge Walton's Memorandum Opinion


11/23/06 The Washington Post: Libby Leak Trial May Be Delayed
The trial of I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Vice President Cheney's former chief of staff, could be delayed, based on an appeal that a special prosecutor plans to seek in the case. Special Counsel Patrick J. Fitzgerald notified the court last night that he plans to appeal U.S. District Judge Reggie B. Walton's ruling this month on the standards the judge will use for determining which classified materials Libby may use as evidence in defending himself.

11/16/06 NBC: Public to get a look at Libby documents
For the past few months all the public could know about the goings on during numerous closed-door hearings in Courtroom #16 were from one-line court filings indicating the proceedings were dealing with requests from I Lewis "Scooter" Libby - Vice President Cheney's former chief of staff - to include classified materials in his defense of perjury and obstructions charges in the CIA leak trial. Next month all that will change. Judge Walton will give the public a peek at the issues he has had to rule on concerning the thousands of classified document in question.

11/15/06 The Associated Press: Judge outlines evidence in CIA leak case
"A federal judge outlined how much classified evidence former White House aide I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby must have access to in the CIA leak case Wednesday, leaving defense attorneys and prosecutors to debate how to black out or summarize it before trial in January."

11/15/06 The Associated Press: Cheney asks court to dismiss leak case
Vice President Cheney asked a federal judge Tuesday to dismiss a lawsuit brought against him by a former CIA operative who says the White House leaked her identity to the press. Cheney’s attorneys criticized the lawsuit in court papers, saying it invented constitutional rights, intruded on national security discussions and came two years after the statute of limitations had expired.

11/14/06 Motions to Dismiss the Civil Suit filed by Joe Wilson


11/13/06 NBC: Libby can use some secret documents
"A federal judge has handed I Lewis 'Scooter' Libby, the former top aide to Vice President Cheney, a partial legal victory in his long battle to present classified documents portraying him as so consumed by matters of national security importance in the summer of 2003, that any mistakes he made remembering his conversations with three reporters about Valerie Plame were, 'inadvertent and not the product of willful disinformation.' Judge Reggie Walton - in an opinion Monday - writes that substitutions and summaries which Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald has offered the Libby defense team instead of their using actual classified documents at trial are inadequate for them to put on a proper defense. Judge Walton ordered Fitzgerald to 'go back to the drawing board and come forth with a more balanced proposal.'"

10/31/06 MSNBC: Libby doesn’t want talk of reporter’s jail time
"Attorneys for I Lewis "Scooter" Libby don't want a jury in the CIA/Leak trial to hear testimony about why former New York Times reporter Judith Miller went to jail. His lawyers also want blocked all evidence surrounding the government's efforts to get testimony from other reporters believed to have learned of Valerie Plame's identity from officials in the government."

10/30/06 MSNBC: Fitzgerald doesn't want to talk about Armitage
"Without ever mentioning him by name, Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald, in a court filing Monday, argues that a jury in the CIA/Leak trial should not consider evidence concerning why he did not charge former State Department official Richard Armitage with leaking Valerie Plame's name to reporters."

10/16/06 The Weekly Standard, Robert D. Novak: Who Said What When
"The publication of Hubris is filled with irony for David Corn, Washington editor of the left-wing Nation magazine. He was present at the creation of the Valerie Plame 'scandal,' which the enemies of George W. Bush hoped could bring down a president. Nobody was more responsible for bloating this episode. Yet Corn is coauthor of a book that has had the effect of killing the story."

10/04/06 The Wall Street Journal/McKinnon: Disclosures Could Undermine Libby Case
"Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald has taken a public-relations hit from the news that the White House aide he indicted in the CIA-leak investigation wasn't the original source. In coming months, his court case against Lewis 'Scooter' Libby could suffer as well."

09/25/06 The Weekly Standard, Clarice Feldman: The Case of the Missing Crime
"The case against Libby is as weak as the basis for the investigation was, and the animus that impelled it so distorted the investigative process as to make its continuation a travesty. It's long past time for Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald to do the right thing and drop the charges."

09/23/06 The Associated Press: Libby Plans to Testify at His CIA Leak Trial
"Vice President Cheney's former chief of staff plans to take the stand at his upcoming trial to tell jurors he never lied to investigators in the CIA leak case, defense attorneys said yesterday."

09/21/06 Judge Walton CIPA Opinion


09/21/06 The Associated Press: Judge Hands Libby Defense Initial Win
"A federal judge handed a victory to the defense Thursday in the Valerie Plame case, siding with Vice President Dick Cheney's indicted former chief of staff in a fight over release of classified information."

09/21/06 MSNBC: Fitzgerald given way out of Libby CIA leak case
"The judge in the CIA leak case ruled Thursday that if Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald feels that admitting certain classified documents at the upcoming trial of I Lewis "Scooter" Libby can jeopardize national security, Fitzgerald can then move to dismiss the perjury charges against Libby."

09/21/06 MSNBC: The Armitage effect
"It may be four months away, but already there are signs that the first trial to emerge from the three-year, $1.5 million, CIA/Leak probe may be an uphill battle for Patrick Fitzgerald, a meticulous prosecutor known for his stellar winning record."

09/18/06 Defendant’s Reply Motion Re Expert Testimony


09/15/06 Wall Street Journal, Victoria Toensing: "What a Load of Armitage!"
"Put aside hundreds of thousands of dollars of taxpayer funds squandered on the investigation, New York Times reporter Judith Miller's 85 days in jail, the angst and legal fees of scores of witnesses, the White House held siege to a criminal investigation while fighting the war on terror, Karl Rove's reputation maligned, and 'Scooter' Libby's resignation and indictment. By his silence, Mr. Armitage is responsible for one of the most factually distorted investigations in history."

09/13/06 Chicago Sun-Times Robert Novak: Real story behind Armitage story
"Armitage’s silence the next 2 years caused intense pain for his colleagues in government and enabled partisan Democrats in Congress to falsely accuse Rove of being my primary source. When Armitage now says he was mute because of special prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald’s request, that does not explain his silence three months between his claimed first realization that he was the source and Fitzgerald’s appointment on Dec. 30. Armitage’s tardy self-disclosure is tainted because it is deceptive."

09/12/06 Gannett News' Richard Benedetto: CIA leak case reinforces distrust of media
"But after making the Wilson-Plame saga front-page news for years, the media largely buried the Armitage disclosure. The New York Times put it on page 12 of its Aug. 30 edition. USA TODAY made it a brief. Other papers and TV networks performed similar burials. On Sept. 1, a Washington Post editorial headlined, "End of an Affair," blamed Wilson for the messy business, saying he had claimed falsely 'that he had debunked reports of Iraqi uranium shopping in Niger.' It then dismissed the media's role in advancing the Wilson case by concluding, 'It's unfortunate that so many people took him seriously.' And we wonder why the news media have credibility problems with many Americans. A key reason is that we find it difficult to admit we made a serious mistake."

09/12/06 Paul Greenberg: Sham in the Plame game
"It's going to be interesting to see what happens if or when Scooter Libby is exonerated. Will he be treated like Ronald Reagan's hapless secretary of labor, Raymond Donovan? After the usual ruinous legal fees and general aggravation, Mr. Donovan was duly acquitted, leaving him with only one question to ask: 'Which office do I go to get my reputation back?'"

09/10/06 U.S. News & World Report's Michael Barone: A New Narrative
"The Wilson-Plame narrative obscured the fact that Bush did not lie. Given Saddam Hussein's history of WMD development and use, given his successful attempts to obstruct inspection, any responsible American president had to assume that he had WMDs. Bill Clinton so assumed in 1998. George W. Bush so assumed in 2003. The record of Saddam's deeds left them no choice. It is said our intelligence was faulty. But what intelligence evidence could have convinced a responsible president that Saddam had no WMDs?"

09/08/06 The Associated Press: Armitage Leak Poses More Questions
"Former Republican Sen. Fred Thompson, who has criticized Libby's prosecution, said Fitzgerald had a duty to set the record straight yet continued to urge Armitage's silence. Thompson said the case shows the worst side effects of appointing a special prosecutor. 'The whole world was watching Mr. Fitzgerald,' Thompson said. 'He had an extremely narrow focus and a lot of pressure to come up with something or somebody. He came up with a pea and tried to hold a press conference and hold it up as an elephant.'"

09/08/06 The New York Times: Source in C.I.A. Leak Case Voices Remorse
"The confirmation of Mr. Armitage’s role, long the subject of news media speculation, showed that the initial leak of Ms. Wilson’s identity did not originate from the White House as part of a concerted political attack against her husband, Joseph C. Wilson IV, who had criticized the administration over the Iraq war. Rather it was divulged by a senior State Department official who was not regarded as a close political ally of Mr. Cheney or other presidential aides involved in the underlying issues in the case. "

09/07/06 Byron York: The stand-up thing to do
"At some point, though, it would be useful to hear why he spent three years on the CIA leak investigation even though he knew the identities of the CIA leakers on day one. Don’t hold your breath to hear it, though. Unlike the old independent counsels, who were required by law to report on their investigations, Fitzgerald has no obligation to explain himself to anybody."

09/06/06 San Francisco Chronicle's Debra J. Saunders: Plame case was gossip, not a smear
"The irony is that as Joe Wilson charged that the White House was pursuing him as an act of revenge, he emerges as a partisan bent on punishing those with whom he disagreed. . . . Yes, it is about the abuse of government power. The victims are the innocent staffers and journalists who had to face the threat of jail over three years, while Armitage was too ashamed to come forward and admit what he had begun."

09/06/06 Dan K. Thomasson: Probe worse than leak
"In reality, the disclosure didn't even violate the law passed originally to prevent the outing of covert intelligence operatives. Furthermore, we now believe that the FBI had identified the source of the leak, apparently by the source's own admission, even before the appointment of a special prosecutor who quickly determined that the statute had not been breached, much to the unhappiness of Democrats, who had pressed for his appointment. So why was the investigation not halted there, saving millions of taxpayer dollars in actual expenses and much more in the man hours spent by top-ranking government officials defending themselves and their reputations?"

09/06/06 National Review's Jonah Goldberg: Embarrassing Coverage
"Now is the time to ask: What do John Mark Karr and Joseph Wilson have in common? Wilson is no more a would-be pedophile than Karr is a former diplomat. But they are both attention-seeking liars who deliberately helped launch criminal investigations that should never have gone as far as they did. Moreover, they launched media feeding frenzies that wasted everybody’s time. . . . Wilson’s allegations were all outright lies or, at best, deceitful insinuations. At least when Karr lied, he put the blame on himself. In Wilson’s telling, he could do no wrong even as he was a one-man sprinkler system of false accusations — accusations that launched an absurd investigation, cost the vice president’s chief of staff his job, put a journalist in jail and threatened to do likewise to many more, and hurt America’s image around the globe."

09/05/06 Townhall's Frank Gaffney: The disloyalists
"It was no accident that the people who came under most intense scrutiny thanks to Rich Armitage’s disloyalty were presidential advisor Karl Rove and the Vice President’s then-chief of staff, Lewis 'Scooter' Libby. Both recognized that the Powell-Armitage State Department was not on the President’s team with respect to virtually any aspect of the administration’s post-9/11 foreign and defense policies. Weakening, if not removing, such counterweights to Foggy Bottom’s influence and agenda would have been a fringe benefit arising from the Deputy Secretary’s lack of transparency."

09/05/06 Los Angeles Times Editorial: The Plame Blame Game
"THE VALERIE PLAME AFFAIR, which once seemed like a political morality play, has morphed into a dark comedy of errors. One more scene remains to be enacted — the criminal trial of I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby, a former aide to Vice President Dick Cheney — but it would have been better for all concerned if the curtain had been brought down on this drama long ago."

09/05/06 Washington Times Editorial: The Plame 'conspiracy'
"Some of our media celebrities have tried to make the Plame game a national obsession ever since columnist Robert Novak, having taken the leak from Mr. Armitage, first publicly identified her as a CIA operative in his column on July 14, 2003. The great anvil chorus on the left has been chanting the dirge that the White House 'outed' Valerie Plame to punish her husband for criticizing the use of intelligence in the run-up to the Iraq war. Three years and a continuing special counsel investigation later, Mr. Wilson has been discredited as a partisan hack who can't shut up even though he doesn't have anything to say. No one in the White House or any other house has been charged or even credibly accused of 'outing' Mrs. Plame."

09/05/06 AEI's David Frum: The Washington Scandal That Wasn't
"Over time, it became clear that almost every detail of Joe Wilson's original story was false. Wilson's appointment was engineered by his wife. The report he filed did not acquit the Iraqis. Wilson had not detected forged documents. Above all: An Iraqi trade mission had in fact sought uranium in Niger in 1998--the President had spoken accurately."

09/05/06 The Washington Times: The flameout of the Plame game
"The expectation on the left that the Valerie Plame affair would blossom into another Watergate, bringing down a second Republican presidency, has fizzled."

09/05/06 Washington Times' Wesley Pruden: Sending a 'scandal' off to bed
"The disclosure might have been inadvertent, since by his own admission Mr. Armitage gossips like an old woman. Mr. Fitzgerald knew this before he put Judith Miller in jail. Before he indicted Scooter Libby. Before he called Karl Rove to the grand jury, knowing that Mr. Rove couldn't have been the leaker but also knowing that every time he was called to testify, running a gauntlet of newspaper and television cameras, the impression was planted that Mr. Rove was a crook with something to hide. But the prosecutor told Mr. Armitage to keep his mouth shut, lest he give the game away."

09/03/06 Boston Herald Editorial: Time for Prez to pardon Libby
"Now that the top deputy to then-Secretary of State Colin Powell has admitted he was the source of the revelation that Valerie Plame worked for the CIA, the case against Lewis “Scooter” Libby has become too trivial to pursue. . . . Chances of a conviction in Libby’s January trial, never good, are now nil."

09/02/06 New York Post Editorial: JUSTICE FOR SCOOTER LIBBY
"As the Plamegate 'scandal' fades away, one question remains: How to do right by the principal victim of the farce - former vice presidential aide I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby?"

09/02/06 The Weekly Standard's Fred Barnes: The Plamegate Hall of Shame
"What's left to do? Fitzgerald, in decency, should terminate his probe immediately. And he should abandon the perjury prosecution of Libby, the former Cheney aide. Libby's foggy memory was no worse than that of Armitage, who forgot for two years to tell Fitzgerald he'd talked to the Post's Woodward but isn't being prosecuted. Last but not least, a few apologies are called for, notably by Powell and Armitage, but also by the press. A correction--perhaps the longest and most overdue in the history of journalism--is in order."

09/01/06 Washington Post Editorial: End of an Affair
"Nevertheless, it now appears that the person most responsible for the end of Ms. Plame's CIA career is Mr. Wilson. Mr. Wilson chose to go public with an explosive charge, claiming -- falsely, as it turned out -- that he had debunked reports of Iraqi uranium-shopping in Niger and that his report had circulated to senior administration officials. He ought to have expected that both those officials and journalists such as Mr. Novak would ask why a retired ambassador would have been sent on such a mission and that the answer would point to his wife. He diverted responsibility from himself and his false charges by claiming that President Bush's closest aides had engaged in an illegal conspiracy. It's unfortunate that so many people took him seriously."

08/31/06 New York Times David Brooks: A Guide for the Perplexed
"And yet now it has been revealed that the primary leaker was not Rove at all, but Richard Armitage, a former deputy secretary of state. And this news produces no outrage at all. Nothing. A piffle. Perhaps you are wondering how this could happen."

08/31/06 Los Angeles Times: Former State Department Official Is Blamed in Plame Leak
"The disclosure of Armitage's alleged role could prove particularly helpful to Libby's defense team. The substance of conversations Armitage reportedly had with Novak and others may be less important than the fact that Armitage supposedly did not initially recall being Novak's source. Libby's defense partly rests on a claim that he was so busy with his "focus on urgent national security matters" that a jury might "appreciate how Mr. Libby may have forgotten or misremembered the snippets of conversation the government alleges were so memorable," his lawyers wrote in a March 17, 2006, court motion."

08/30/06 Wall Street Journal Editorial: Fess Up, Mr. Armitage
"In other words, the leaker wasn't Karl Rove or Scooter Libby or anyone else in the White House who has been accused of running a conspiracy against Ms. Plame as revenge for her husband Joe Wilson's false accusations against the White House's case for war with Iraq."

08/30/06 New Hampshire Union Leader Editorial: End of the Affair: No blame in Plame game
"The facts are quite clear. There was no conspiracy to out an undercover CIA agent. None. Zero. Nada. It did not happen. End of story. Now, can we finally drop this non-issue and move on?"

08/30/06 National Review Online Editorial: The Real Scandal
"A new book by Michael Isikoff and David Corn, Hubris: the Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, and the Selling of the Iraq War, reports that it was Armitage, the former number-two at the State Department and a confidant of former secretary of state Colin Powell, who told columnist Robert Novak about Valerie Plame — thus setting off the CIA leak “scandal” and a years-long investigation. This revelation lays waste to the notion that Vice President Dick Cheney, former Cheney chief of staff Lewis Libby, and top White House aide Karl Rove conspired to “out” Plame as a way of smearing her husband, the anti-Bush gadfly Joseph Wilson. But it does more than just debunk left-wing conspiracy theories. It also raises a vitally serious question about the CIA leak investigation itself: Why did it happen?"

08/30/06 Creators Syndicate Linda Chavez: THE MAN BEHIND THE LEAK
"…Scooter Libby now faces possible jail time for allegedly misleading statements in an investigation into a non-crime committed by someone else, a person, in any event, who was already known to federal prosecutors. The real crime here appears to be this malicious prosecution."

08/30/06 New York Sun Editorial: Armitage's Shame
"Wouldn't you know, but the critics of the Bush administration were right. A Richard was indeed at the heart of the Valerie Plame episode. Only, it wasn't Richard Cheney. Instead, we now know it was Richard Armitage, Secretary of State Powell's right-hand man until they both left Foggy Bottom early in Mr. Bush's second term."

08/29/06 The Washington Post: Ex-Colleague Says Armitage Was Source of CIA Leak
The leak of information about an undercover CIA employee that provoked a special prosecutor's investigation of senior White House officials came from then-Deputy Secretary of State Richard L. Armitage, according to a former Armitage colleague at the department.

08/29/06 New York Post's John Podhoretz: About That 'White House Cabal'
"Fitzgerald indicted Libby while claiming he was the first "known" official to have talked to reporters about Valerie Wilson. But Fitzgerald was simply wrong about this central contention in his case. He was wrong to indict Libby on questionable charges of having been deceitful about a matter that wasn't in fact criminal to begin with. Valerie Wilson's boss was wrong to go along with her nepotistic plan of giving her vainglorious liar of a husband a few more days of government service. And Joseph Wilson - the word "wrong" doesn't even begin to describe him."

08/29/06 Slate’s Christopher Hitchens: Plame Out
"Armitage identified himself to Colin Powell as Novak's source before the Fitzgerald inquiry had even been set on foot. The whole thing could—and should—have ended right there."

08/28/06 National Review's Byron York: The CIA-Leak Fiasco
Why did Armitage keep the information from Fitzgerald? In Hubris, Armitage’s allies hint at the same defense that Lewis Libby’s lawyers use to explain why he didn’t tell investigators everything: that Plame was a relatively inconsequential part of a big story and was not, as administration critics say, the focus of a White House conspiracy. “My sense from Rich is that it was just chitchat,” State Department intelligence head told Corn and Isikoff, saying that Armitage had simply “f—-ked up. Whatever Armitage’s motives, the fact that he was the Novak leaker undermines — destroys, actually — the conspiracy theory of the CIA-leak case.

08/28/06 New York Sun: State Department Official Outed Ex-CIA Officer
A top State Department official, Richard Armitage, disclosed the identity of a CIA officer, Valerie Plame, to at least two prominent reporters and failed to tell prosecutors about one of those contacts for more than two years, according to an account in Newsweek magazine.

08/28/06 Opinion Journal's James Taranto: Eternal Plame
"The man who ‘leaked’ Plame's identity and her involvement in her husband's Niger junket to columnist Bob Novak and other reporters was not Karl Rove, Scooter Libby or anyone else in the White House. It was Richard Armitage, then deputy secretary of state."

08/27/06 Newsweek: The Man Who Said Too Much
Armitage, a well-known gossip who loves to dish and receive juicy tidbits about Washington characters, apparently hadn't thought through the possible implications of telling Novak about Plame's identity. "I'm afraid I may be the guy that caused this whole thing," he later told Carl Ford Jr., State's intelligence chief. Ford says Armitage admitted to him that he had "slipped up" and told Novak more than he should have. "He was basically beside himself that he was the guy that f---ed up.

08/22/06 The Associated Press: Calendars Show Armitage Met Reporter
The No. 2 State Department official met with Washington Post reporter Bob Woodward in mid-June 2003, the same time the reporter has testified that an administration official talked to him about CIA employee Valerie Plame. Official State Department calendars, provided to The Associated Press under the Freedom of Information Act, show then-Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage held a one-hour meeting marked "private appointment" with Woodward on June 13, 2003.

08/11/06 The Associated Press: Libby, Under Indictment, Was Still Privvy to Some Secrets
"The CIA says it has provided short summaries of Vice President Dick Cheney's daily security briefings to defense attorneys for his indicted former chief of staff. . . . Libby's lawyers say he had many more important things on his mind and may have forgotten the details about his conversations about Plame. They believe the daily security briefings will document his overwhelming workload."

08/01/06 The Associated Press: 'Scooter' Libby Wants To Call Memory Expert at Trial
"Former White House aide I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby wants a memory expert to explain how he -- and prosecution witnesses -- may have different recollections of their conversations about a CIA officer's identity."

08/01/06 The New York Sun: Libby Suffered Memory Failure, Lawyers Say
Lawyers for a former White House official facing obstruction of justice and perjury charges, I. Lewis Libby, told a federal court yesterday that they plan to call a psychology professor to testify that Mr. Libby's alleged misstatements were the result of memory failure and not deliberate lies.

08/01/06 Motion for Expert Testimony


07/26/06 National Review's Byron York: A Concerted Effort Against Valerie Plame?
Since it appears that information about Plame became public as a result of Novak’s initiative, as opposed to the administration’s initiative, and since it appears that the information originally came from a source who was likely not part of any “concerted effort,” it seems difficult to suggest that the leak of Valerie Plame Wilson’s identity was the result of a conspiracy.

07/24/06 The Weekly Standard: Joe Wilson, Mark Lane, and more.
We refer our colleagues once more to the Senate Intelligence Committee Report on the Iraq-Niger-Wilson affair. Wilson did not "discount" the reports of Iraqi uranium shopping when he was debriefed by the CIA about his trip. According to the Senate report (p. 46), a CIA reports officer gave Wilson's reporting a grade of "good." The officer "judged that the most important fact in the report was that the Nigerien officials admitted that the Iraqi delegation had traveled there in 1999, and that the Nigerien Prime Minister believed that the Iraqis were interested in uranium." From Conclusion #13 of the Senate Report, we learn that "for most analysts, the information in the [Wilson] report lent more credibility to the original Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) reports on the uranium deal."

07/20/06 The Washington Post/ Bruce W. Sanford and Bruce D. Brown: The Futility of Chasing Leaks
"But there's more futility -- and fatigue -- to come. The futility will be evident in the acquittal next year of Vice President Cheney's former chief of staff, Lewis "Scooter" Libby, on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice. The acquittal will be yet another symbol of the misuse of prosecutorial time that is the big problem with leak investigations."

07/20/06 The Hill/ Byron York: The Valerie Plame lawsuit: Keep conspiracy alive!
“From all appearances, the value of Plame’s story is falling, not rising…. To keep interest in the CIA leak case alive, Plame and Wilson need to push the nefarious conspiracy theory. But now it’s becoming more and more clear that there simply was no conspiracy, nefarious or otherwise."

07/17/06 The Cañon City Daily Record Editorial: Plame epilogue
"This week, after years of Fitzgerald’s exhaustive probing into journalists’ confidential sources, the truth finally has come out about who told Novak the name of Wilson’s wife. According to Novak’s account, no one told him Valerie Plame’s name. He learned it from her husband’s entry in “Who’s Who in America.” Plame’s role in Wilson’s Africa trip “was revealed to me in the middle of a long interview with an official who ... was not a political gunslinger,” Novak wrote. So, the plain truth is that, at least as far as Novak’s disclosure was concerned, it was not an orchestrated attempt by the White House to out Valerie Plame."

07/17/06 Slate/ Christopher Hitchens: The End of the Affair
Robert Novak's July 12 column and his appearance on Meet the Press Sunday night have dissolved any remaining doubt about the mad theory that the Bush administration "outed" Ms. Valerie Plame as revenge for her husband's refusal to confirm the report by British intelligence that Iraqi officials had visited Niger in search of uranium.... When one thinks of the oceans of ink and acres of paper that have been wasted on this mother of all nonstories, one wants to weep for the journalistic profession as well as for the trees.

07/13/06 Investor's Business Daily Editorial: Free Scooter Libby!
Columnist Robert Novak has revealed how he learned about Valerie Plame's identity, which begs the question: Should a man go to prison for "obstructing" an investigation into a crime that was not committed?

07/12/06 Chicago Sun-Times Robert Novak: My role in the Plame leak probe
For nearly the entire time of his investigation, Fitzgerald knew -- independent of me -- the identity of the sources I used in my column of July 14, 2003. A federal investigation was triggered when I reported that former Ambassador Joseph Wilson's wife, Valerie Plame Wilson, was employed by the CIA and helped initiate his 2002 mission to Niger. That Fitzgerald did not indict any of these sources may indicate his conclusion that none of them violated the Intelligence Identities Protection Act.

06/29/06 The Associated Press: Libby Lawyer Wants Delay in CIA Leak Trial
Lawyers for former White House aide I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby sought Thursday to delay his trial on perjury and obstruction-of-justice charges in the CIA leak investigation.

06/14/06 Wall Street Journal Editorial: Frogs Aren't Marching
And that one case comes down to nothing more than the fact that Mr. Libby's memory of conversations with three reporters differs from that of the reporters themselves. Think we're exaggerating? Here's how the judge in the case, Reggie B. Walton, summarized it in a recent ruling on evidence: "The charges against the defendant are based entirely [our emphasis] upon what the defendant has said was discussed during his conversations with these news reporters."

06/06/06 Wall Street Journal Editorial: Fitzgerald, Scooter and Us
There is all the difference in the world between seeking to respond to the substance of Mr. Wilson's charges, as Mr. Libby did, and taking revenge on him by blowing his wife's cover, which was the motive originally hypothesized by Bush critics for the Plame exposure. The more of Mr. Fitzgerald's case that becomes public, the more it looks like he has made the terrible mistake for a prosecutor of taking Joe Wilson's side in what was essentially a political fight.

05/27/06 The Washington Post: Time Ordered to Give Internal Documents to Libby
Time magazine must turn over some internal documents to former vice presidential aide I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby's attorneys because the evidence could help his defense against perjury and obstruction-of-justice charges in the CIA leak case, a federal judge ruled yesterday.

05/26/06 Bloomberg: Time Must Turn Over Documents to Libby, Judge Rules
Time Warner Inc.'s Time magazine must hand over documents to I. Lewis Libby, Vice President Cheney's former chief of staff, to aid his defense against a perjury charge in the CIA leak case, a federal judge ruled.

05/26/06 Judge Walton's Memorandum Opinion on Press Motions to Quash


05/21/06 The Washington Post: Libby Denies Seeing Cheney's Notes on Newspaper Column
Lawyers for I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, the indicted former chief of staff to Vice President Cheney, said in a court filing late Friday that Libby did not see the notes Cheney inscribed on a key newspaper column criticizing the administration's rationale for invading Iraq until he was shown the annotations in the course of an FBI investigation.

05/19/06 Defense Response


05/16/06 The Associated Press: Judge Weighs Libby's Media Records Request
A lawyer for I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby told a federal judge Tuesday that the former White House aide's right to a fair trial outweighs any special protection claimed by media organizations touched by the CIA leak investigation. "We are in a case that for better or worse, the press is right in the middle of," said William Jeffress, one of Libby's lawyers.

05/12/06 Libby Supplemental to Third Motion to Compel


05/10/06 National Review's Byron York: Libby and Fitzgerald: Big Case vs. Little Case
A pattern is emerging in pre-trial arguments in the perjury and obstruction of justice case against former Cheney chief of staff Lewis Libby. That pattern is the recurring conflict between the Little Case and the Big Case.

05/02/06 Associated Press: Lawyers: Libby Needs Media Records
Lawyers for I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby urged a federal judge Monday to force several media organizations to turn over e-mails, drafts of news articles and reporters' notes they say the former top White House aide needs to receive a fair trial in the CIA leak case.

05/01/06 Libby Response to Press Motions to Quash


04/21/06 Libby Response to Show Cause Order


04/17/06 The New York Sun: No Hint Seen in Memo that Plame's Role Was Secret
Contrary to published reports, a State Department memorandum at the center of the investigation into the leak of the name of a CIA operative, Valerie Plame, appears to offer no particular indication that Ms. Plame's role at the agency was classified or covert.

04/13/06 National Review's Byron York: Libby: Cheney Never Told Me to Discuss Valerie Plame Wilson
A new court filing by CIA leak defendant Lewis Libby suggests that Libby has testified that Vice President Dick Cheney never told him to reveal the identity of CIA employee Valerie Wilson. The filing also suggests that Libby, the vice president's former chief of staff, testified that neither President Bush nor anyone else told him to discuss Valerie Wilson, either.

04/12/06 The New York Sun: Fitzgerald Retreats on a Claim Critics Had Used Against Bush
In a startling move, a special prosecutor investigating the leak of a CIA operative's identity retreated yesterday from an assertion that news outlets and critics of the administration seized on as evidence that President Bush and Vice President Cheney deliberately distorted a crucial intelligence summary on Iraq.

04/12/06 Libby Reply Memo in Support of Third Motion to Compel


04/09/06 Washington Post Editorial: A Good Leak
The material that Mr. Bush ordered declassified established, as have several subsequent investigations, that Mr. Wilson was the one guilty of twisting the truth.

04/08/06 The Wall Street Journal Editorial: Leaky News Judgment
"Leak" has always been a slovenly word, but this is absurd. No one disputes that the President has the authority to declassify documents or to authorize the disclosure of secret information. But never mind the facts.

04/08/06 National Review Editorial: What “Shocking Revelation”?
So we ask all those who have become so very excited about this new story: Read the Fitzgerald filing. Read a few news reports about what was happening in July 2003. And ask yourself: What is the problem? If you think about it, you'll probably agree that there isn't one.

04/07/06 New York Post: DUBYA CAN'T LEAK
Yesterday, breathless news reports suggested that President Bush had directed the "leak" of classified information in July 2003. Yet the "leak" in question was from a document called the National Intelligence Estimate, or NIE - and by the time this "leak" occurred, the contents of the NIE as they related to Iraq were almost entirely public.

04/07/06 New York Sun Editorial: The Fitzgerald Government
The special prosecutor is trying, in other words, to have it both ways. When it suits his interests to pump up his importance and explain why he'd prosecute a White House official or throw a journalist in jail, he cites national security and Valerie Wilson. When the prosecutor wants to limit Mr. Libby's access to the documents he needs to defend himself, Mr. Fitzgerald all of a sudden magically turns the matter into a run-of-the-mill perjury case.

04/04/06 The New York Sun: Libby Lawyers Pursue Challenge To Special Prosecutor's Power
Lawyers for a former White House official charged with obstructing a leak investigation, I. Lewis Libby, are accusing the special prosecutor who brought the case, Patrick Fitzgerald, and a former top Justice Department official, James Comey, of revising their views of Mr. Fitzgerald's authority in order to defeat the defense's arguments that the prosecutor was unconstitutionally appointed.

03/31/06 Libby Reply Brief on Motion to Dismiss


03/20/06 National Review's Byron York: Libby to Fitzgerald: If You Won't Name the CIA Leaker, I Will
"It's sometimes difficult to remember, given the legal twists and turns it has taken, that the CIA leak investigation was begun to find out who exposed the identity of CIA employee Valerie Wilson to columnist Robert Novak and whether that person violated the Intelligence Identities Protection Act in doing so ... But now the Libby defense team is attempting to return the case to first things."

03/17/06 Third Motion to Compel


03/16/06 The Associated Press: Libby's Lawyers Subpoena Times, Reporters
Lawyers for I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby have subpoenaed The New York Times, former Times reporter Judith Miller and NBC correspondent Tim Russert for documents concerning the disclosure of an undercover CIA agent's identity, as the former White House aide's legal team prepares for his trial.

03/15/06 The Associated Press: Libby's Lawyers Want to See Secret Papers
Lawyers for I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby on Wednesday challenged the government in a dispute over classified information, saying prosecutors should not be allowed to present the information to a judge out of the presence of the defense.

03/15/06 Reply to Motion to Bar Ex Parte Submissions


03/13/06 National Review's Byron York: The Prosecutor’s Brief – What Does Patrick Fitzgerald Know? When Did He Learn It? And Other Questions.
"But Libby has made two relatively simple requests that seem to go to the heart of the case -- and Fitzgerald is resisting both furiously. The first request is for evidence that Valerie Wilson was an undercover CIA agent at the time she was exposed in Novak's July 14, 2003, column, and the second is for evidence of the damage done by the disclosure of Wilson's name. Fitzgerald has never released any evidence on either question, at least not to the public. But the new documents, together with his public statements in the past, suggest that the facts of the case might not be entirely clear-cut."

03/12/06 Chicago Tribune: Internet blows CIA cover
She is 52 years old, married, grew up in the Kansas City suburbs and now lives in Virginia, in a new three-bedroom house. Anyone who can qualify for a subscription to one of the online services that compile public information also can learn that she is a CIA employee who, over the past decade, has been assigned to several American embassies in Europe. The CIA asked the Tribune not to publish her name because she is a covert operative, and the newspaper agreed. But unbeknown to the CIA, her affiliation and those of hundreds of men and women like her have somehow become a matter of public record, thanks to the Internet.

03/10/06 Judge Walton 's Order and Memorandum Regarding President's Daily Briefs


03/10/06 The Associated Press: Judge says Libby can have access to presidential briefings for his trial
A federal judge ordered the CIA on Friday to turn over highly classified intelligence briefings to Vice President Dick Cheney's former top aide to use in the aide's defense against perjury charges.

03/07/06 Libby Response to CIA Declaration


03/03/06 Wall Street Journal, Daniel Henninger: So One May Ask: Has Washington Gone Insane?
"CIA leak prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald argued . . . that as far as the perjury charges against former Cheney chief of staff Lewis Libby are concerned, it does not matter whether or not Valerie Wilson was a covert CIA agent . . . 'We're trying a perjury case', Fitzgerald told Judge Reggie Walton. Even if Plame had never worked for the CIA at all, Fitzgerald continued -- even if she had been simply mistaken for a CIA agent -- the charges against Libby would still stand. In addition, Fitzgerald said, he does not intend to offer 'any proof of actual damage' caused by the disclosure of Wilson's identity." No damage? So setting aside the catastrophic personal tragedy for Scooter Libby (and the possible erosion of confidentiality protections for the press), the Plame affair all those months was a forced march down a blind alley. Still, I think the Plame case has value as a window to understanding why Washington today spends more time bouncing off the walls than sticking to Jon Stewart's apparently archaic attachment to solving problems "in a rational way."

02/28/06 Wall Street Journal: Email Mystery Solved
The Office of the Vice President didn't mysteriously delete a slew of emails sought by the special prosecutor in the CIA leak probe, after all.

02/27/06 Judge Walton Order Re President's Daily Briefs


02/27/06 Judge Walton Order Re: Subpoenaing Reporters


02/27/06 Legal Times: Scooter's Club: Libby Getting Help to Raise Money for Defense
Former ambassadors, a magazine mogul, and a popular TV actor are among the Republican bigwigs rallying behind indicted former vice presidential aide I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby to help raise money for his legal defense.

02/27/06 The Associated Press: Judge in Libby case seeks middle ground
A federal judge signaled Monday that he is seeking ways to provide Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff general descriptions of highly classified documents to use in his defense against perjury charges.

02/26/06 The Boston Globe: Passing the hat for Libby
The legal defense fund for I. Lewis ''Scooter" Libby, Vice President Dick Cheney's ousted chief of staff, unofficially kicked off on the October morning of his perjury indictment. That's when Richard Carlson -- former US ambassador, one-time president of the Corporation of Public Broadcasting, and bow-tied father of bow-tied television pundit Tucker Carlson -- sent a courier with a check to Libby's Virginia home.

02/24/06 Motion to Bar Ex Parte Submissions Under CIPA 4


02/24/06 New York Sun Staff Editorial: Libby's First Defense
Yesterday, a federal court filing by Mr. Libby's team before Judge Reggie Walton raised another good reason in Mr. Libby's favor - the appointments clause of the Constitution. It was a well-crafted, and by our lights, persuasive shot across the bow of the prosecutor. The motion to dismiss filed yesterday signaled that Mr. Libby is on offense, prepared to fight the constitutional issues in this case all the way to the Supreme Court. The argument is that the indictment should be dismissed "on the ground that it was obtained, approved and signed by an official - Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald - who was appointed and exercised his powers in violation of the appointments clause of the Constitution."

02/23/06 Libby Motion to Dismiss


02/22/06 The Associated Press: Libby's Lawyers Deny 'Greymail' Claims
Denying Mr. Libby's requests because they pertain to `extraordinarily sensitive' documents would have the effect of penalizing Mr. Libby for serving in a position that required him to address urgent national security matters every day," lawyers for the ex-White House aide wrote..."The government's `greymail' accusation is not only false, but insulting," said Libby's lawyers, who assert that they are entitled to the classified material so that their client can get a fair trial.

02/22/06 Scripps Howard News Service: Fred Thompson offers help to Libby defense
Former U.S. Sen. Fred Thompson, best known now as the district attorney on NBC's popular "Law & Order" drama series, is working with the legal defense fund trying to raise $5 million or more to aid the indicted former chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney.

02/22/06 New York Daily News: Libby-ration movement gets going
Former Dick Cheney aide Scooter Libby might be facing a criminal trial in the Plamegate scandal, but he still has plenty of juice. Yesterday, fancy friends of the Veep's indicted underling — such as magazine mogul Steve Forbes, Republican spinmeister Mary Matalin and "Law & Order" star and one-time senator Fred Thompson — launched www.scooterlibby.com.

02/22/06 The Washington Post: GOP Achievers Want to Compile $5 Million for Libby Defense
A Who's Who of Republican heavy hitters and Bush administration supporters are lending their names to help raise $5 million for the defense of Vice President Cheney's former top aide in his criminal trial.

02/22/06 USA Today: Supporters of Libby use Web to raise money
The Lewis “Scooter” Libby legal defense fund hit cyberspace Tuesday with a website designed to raise money and declare the innocence of the indicted ex-chief of staff to Vice President Cheney.

02/21/06 Libby Reply Brief and Affidavit 2/21/06


02/03/06 The New York Times: Trial for Ex-Aide to Cheney Is Set for January 2007
The trial of I. Lewis Libby Jr., Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff, in the C.I.A. leak case will start next January, a federal judge said today.

02/03/06 The New York Times: Defense Fund Raises Money in Libby Case
...the managers of the fund-raising effort on behalf of Mr. Libby say they have already reached the $2 million mark and expect to increase the pace when they start a fund-raising Web site. "It's a particularly excellent start," said Mel Sembler, the chairman of the Scooter Libby Legal Defense Trust.

02/02/06 National Review's Byron York: CIA leak prosecutor refuses to turn over evidence to Libby
Libby is charged with perjury and obstruction of justice in the leak investigation, but Fitzgerald has so far not alleged that anyone acted illegally by revealing Wilson's identity. In the letters, which give outsiders a glimpse of the intense behind-the-scenes maneuvering going on in the case, Libby's lawyers asked Fitzgerald to turn over evidence that might point toward such an underlying crime. Fitzgerald refused.

02/01/06 The New York Times: Lawyers in Leak Case Outline Defense
Lawyers for I. Lewis Libby Jr., the former chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney, offered a detailed outline on Tuesday of Mr. Libby's likely defense to charges that he lied about his role in exposing the identity of a C.I.A. operative. In papers filed in federal court, the lawyers strongly suggested they would argue that if Mr. Libby's statements to investigators were untrue, it was a case of innocent confusion or faulty memory because of his preoccupation with weightier national security matters at the time."

01/31/06 Libby Motion to Compel Discovery


01/27/06 The Washington Post: Reporters Information Sought
"Attorneys for Vice President Cheney's former top aide urged a court yesterday to force prosecutors to turn over all the information they obtained from reporters about their confidential conversations with Bush administration sources in the course of a two-year CIA leak investigation. Attorneys for I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby said they must cast a wide net to learn about any conversations regarding CIA operative Valerie Plame, and that the information could be crucial to Libby's defense against perjury and obstruction charges."

01/26/06 Libby Motion to Compel Discovery Re: Reporters


01/23/06 The Associated Press: Libby Wants to Use Classified Evidence
"Lawyers for a former top aide to Vice President Dick Cheney on Monday made their first request to use classified evidence at his trial, launching a highly secretive court process that could bog down the case. In the filings made under seal in federal court, lawyers for I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby put the judge and prosecutors on notice that they want a jury to hear evidence the government now says is classified. Their action puts the Libby case on a dual track one public, the other secret that often can delay criminal cases from going to trial."

01/21/06 Wall Street Journal: Libby's Lawyers to Use Subpoenas To Prepare Defense in Leak Case
Attorneys for former vice-presidential aide I. Lewis Libby told a judge Friday that they plan to subpoena journalists, news organizations and possibly federal agencies for documents and other information necessary for trial. In a court filing made jointly with federal prosecutors, Mr. Libby's attorneys provided some of the first clues of his defense.

01/20/06 Joint Status Report


01/06/06 The Washington Post: Scooter Finds Fellowship at the Hudson Institute
Libby is joining the Hudson Institute -- a conservative think tank focusing on foreign policy and national security -- as a senior fellow, focusing on issues related to terrorism and Asia. He's also to advise Hudson on strategic planning and help other scholars.

01/06/06 Lewis Libby Joins Hudson Institute
Lewis Libby, former Chief of Staff to Vice President Richard B. Cheney and Assistant to the Vice President for National Security Affairs, has joined Hudson Institute as a senior advisor.

12/08/05 New York Sun Editorial: A Season for Giving
So that leaves Mr. Libby with the burden of his own legal bills, and there are plenty of reasons to give...those compiling their December gift lists may want to keep the Libby Legal Defense Trust in mind. - New York Sun

11/24/05 Tampa Tribune: St. Petersburg Republican Takes Charge Of 'Scooter' Libby's Legal Defense Fund
Mel Sembler of St. Petersburg, a Republican fundraiser and former ambassador, is chairman of the legal defense fund for I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, former chief of staff for Vice President Dick Cheney.

11/19/05 The New York Times: Top Names Aid Fund for Libby
Several dozen prominent political and business leaders have pledged to help organize a drive to raise millions of dollars for the legal defense of I. Lewis Libby Jr., the former chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney who was indicted last month on perjury and obstruction charges, an aide to Mr. Libby said on Friday.

11/18/05 The New York Post: Leak Case Springs New Leak
Now we know that a week after the indictment of senior Bush White House official Scooter Libby on Oct. 28, another Washington Personage - a major player of some sort in the Bush constellation - called the office of Patrick Fitzgerald... How can it be fair to convict Libby when even the prosecutor can't get the story straight?

11/17/05 U.S. News and World Report: What Bob Woodward Knew
“Patrick Fitzgerald has to be embarrassed. His statement at his press conference that Libby was the first administration official who identified Plame has been effectively refuted by Woodward's (reluctant) testimony.

11/17/05 Washington Times Editorial: Withdraw the Libby indictment
Bob Woodward's just-released statement, suggesting that on June 27, 2003, he may have been the reporter who told Scooter Libby about Joseph Wilson's wife, blew a gigantic hole in Patrick Fitzgerald's recently unveiled indictment of the vice president's former chief of staff.

11/17/05 Washington Times Editorial, David B. Rivkin Jr. and Lee A. Casey: Woodward and the Plame affair
Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald should drop his prosecution of I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff.

11/17/05 MSNBC's Tucker Carlson: With newest revelations, more questions
Fitzgerald’s original job description was simple: Find out who leaked Valerie Plames’s name, and determine whether that leak was a crime. After two years, he seems to have concluded what was obvious right away: No, the leak was not a crime. Yet he has kept his investigation alive, as independent counsels always do. Meanwhile, people’s lives are being disrupted and in some cases destroyed. What is the justification for this? What else doesn't Pat Fitzgerald know? After two years of investigating the case, he had no idea Woodward was a recipient of the Plame leak...Yet Fitzgerald's ignorance didn't prevent him from accusing Libby - falsely and in public - of undermining this country's security.

11/10/05 National Review Online, Cesar Conda: Giving a public servant the benefit of the doubt
The caricature of Scooter Libby portrayed in Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald’s indictment is utterly at odds with his professional and personal history. He is honorable, discreet, selfless – a man of unquestionable integrity.

11/07/05 Deborah Orin, New York Post Op-Ed: Another CIA Dirty Trick? How Moynihan Might See Leak Case
For over a year, Wilson and some CIA officials denied that he got the Niger gig at his wife's behest — but both the bipartisan Senate Intelligence Committee report and the CIA leak indictment say that's that case...

11/04/05 The New Republic's Jeffrey Rosen: An Indefensible Indictment
The Fitzgerald indictments are an embarrassing confirmation of the old Washington rule that, when special prosecutors can't prove a crime, they indict the target for obstructing the investigation.

11/04/05 Wall Street Journal, David Rivkin and Lee Casey, Op-Ed: Neither Criminal nor Unethical
Ms. Plame's identification as a CIA employee was not a crime because she was not a covert agent - a readily ascertainable fact that should have concluded Special Counsel Fitzgerald's investigation almost as soon as it go underway.

11/03/05 Statement of Ted Wells, Attorney for Mr. Libby


11/03/05 Wall Street Journal, Victoria Toensing, Op-Ed: Investigate the CIA
When the Intelligence Identities Protection Act was being negotiated, Senate Select Committee Chairman Barry Goldwater was adamant: If the CIA desired a law making it illegal to expose one of its deep cover employees, then the agency must do a much better job of protecting their cover.

11/02/05 The Conservative Voice & Baltimore Sun: Fishing License Indictment
Lewis Libby is not even charged with the crime for which the special prosecutor was appointed … [T]oo often the authorization of an investigation is essentially a fishing license to enable the prosecutor to find something to prosecute, whether or not he can get evidence to prosecute the crime he was supposed to be investigating. In the case of Lewis Libby, the case against him consists essentially of the fact that he remembers various conversations with reporters differently from the way those reporters remember those conversations.”

10/31/05 Wall Street Journal, Theodore B. Olson, Former Solicitor General: Scandal
I Know Him To Be An Honest, Conscientious Man Who Has Given A Large Part Of His Life To Public Service.

10/31/05 Town Hall, Cal Thomas: Repeal the independent counsel law
Libby is not being tried for "outing" Plame, but for his statements about her to three journalists, what he said and when he said it. They have one recollection and he has another. For that he faces up to 30 years in prison? Try remembering what you told someone last week. Should you be indicted if your recollection turns out to be different from theirs?

10/29/05 Wall Street Journal Editorial: Obstruction for What?
Libby is charged with lying about a crime that wasn't committed.

10/24/05 The Weekly Standard: Criminalizing Conservatives
Fall of 2005 will be remembered as a time when it became clear that a strategy of criminalization had been implemented to inflict defeat on conservatives.